Phase Noise Spectral Density Measurement of Broadband Frequency-Modulated Radar Signals

Tschapek P, Körner G, Hofmann A, Carlowitz C, Vossiek M (2022)

Publication Language: English

Publication Type: Journal article, Original article

Subtype: other

Publication year: 2022


Book Volume: 70

Pages Range: 2370-2379

Journal Issue: 4


DOI: 10.1109/TMTT.2022.3148311


In continuous-wave (CW) radar systems, such as frequency-modulated (FMCW), frequency-stepped (FSCW), or orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) radar systems, the range and velocity uncertainty are significantly impaired by phase noise decorrelation. Therefore, radar designers require accurate knowledge of their synthesizers' phase noise profiles to assess and predict radar performance. However, commercial phase noise analyzers cannot determine phase noise during modulation, and this may differ notably from phase noise in the pure CW mode. Recent methods for FMCW phase noise analysis usually require comprehensive a priori knowledge of modulation parameter and are prone to systematic deviations. To overcome these issues, we propose a new approach based on differential analysis of subsequent time-domain measurements. This method retains, statistical phase noise information while reducing systematic influences. For the first time, less a priori signal knowledge is required, and the method works for nearly any kind of broadband signal modulation. The concept requires only a digitizer (e.g., an oscilloscope) and some digital signal processing. The proposed method is first experimentally tested with different phase-locked-loop (PLL)-based synthesizer phase noise profiles. The obtained phase noise profiles agree perfectly with the results of an established measurement system. After this proof of basic functionality, the unique phase noise analysis capability for BB modulated signals is demonstrated with PLL-generated FMCW signals. The results reveal a significant phase noise difference between the different setups and clearly show the capability and benefit of the novel phase noise spectral density measurement concept.

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Tschapek, P., Körner, G., Hofmann, A., Carlowitz, C., & Vossiek, M. (2022). Phase Noise Spectral Density Measurement of Broadband Frequency-Modulated Radar Signals. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, 70(4), 2370-2379.


Tschapek, Peter, et al. "Phase Noise Spectral Density Measurement of Broadband Frequency-Modulated Radar Signals." IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques 70.4 (2022): 2370-2379.

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