Scaffold-Mediated Immunoengineering as Innovative Strategy for Tendon Regeneration

Russo V, El Khatib M, Prencipe G, Cervero-Varona A, Citeroni MR, Mauro A, Berardinelli P, Faydaver M, Haidar-Montes AA, Turriani M, Di Giacinto O, Raspa M, Scavizzi F, Bonaventura F, Liverani L, Boccaccini AR, Barboni B (2022)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2022


Book Volume: 11

Journal Issue: 2

DOI: 10.3390/cells11020266


Tendon injuries are at the frontier of innovative approaches to public health concerns and sectoral policy objectives. Indeed, these injuries remain difficult to manage due to tendon's poor healing ability ascribable to a hypo-cellularity and low vascularity, leading to the formation of a fibrotic tissue affecting its functionality. Tissue engineering represents a promising solution for the regeneration of damaged tendons with the aim to stimulate tissue regeneration or to produce functional implantable biomaterials. However, any technological advancement must take into consideration the role of the immune system in tissue regeneration and the potential of biomaterial scaffolds to control the immune signaling, creating a pro-regenerative environment. In this context, immunoengineering has emerged as a new discipline, developing innovative strategies for tendon injuries. It aims at designing scaffolds, in combination with engineered bioactive molecules and/or stem cells, able to modulate the interaction between the transplanted biomaterial-scaffold and the host tissue allowing a pro-regenerative immune response, therefore hindering fibrosis occurrence at the injury site and guiding tendon regeneration. Thus, this review is aimed at giving an overview on the role exerted from different tissue engineering actors in leading immunoregeneration by crosstalking with stem and immune cells to generate new paradigms in designing regenerative medicine approaches for tendon injuries.

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Russo, V., El Khatib, M., Prencipe, G., Cervero-Varona, A., Citeroni, M.R., Mauro, A.,... Barboni, B. (2022). Scaffold-Mediated Immunoengineering as Innovative Strategy for Tendon Regeneration. Cells, 11(2).


Russo, Valentina, et al. "Scaffold-Mediated Immunoengineering as Innovative Strategy for Tendon Regeneration." Cells 11.2 (2022).

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