HESS Follow-up Observations of Binary Black Hole Coalescence Events during the Second and Third Gravitational-wave Observing Runs of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo

Abdalla H, Aharonian F, Benkhali FA, Anguner EO, Ashkar H, Backes M, Baghmanyan , Martins VB, Batzofin R, Becherini Y, Berge D, Bernlohr K, Bi B, Bottcher M, Boisson C, Bolmont J, De Lavergne MDB, Brose R, Brun F, Bulik T, Bylund T, Cangemi F, Caroff S, Casanova S, Chand T, Chen A, Cotter G, Mbarubucyeye JD, Devin J, Djannati-Atai A, Egberts K, Ernenwein JP, Fegan S, Fiasson A, De Clairfontaine GF, Fontaine G, Funk S, Gabici S, Giavitto G, Giunti L, Glawion D, Glicenstein JF, Grondin MH, Hinton JA, Hörbe M, Hofmann W, Holch TL, Holler M, Huang Z, Huber D, Jamrozy M, Jankowsky F, Jung-Richardt , Kasai E, Katarzyński K, Katz U, Khelifi B, Komin N, Konno R, Kosack K, Kostunin D, Kundu A, Lamanna G, Le Stum S, Lemiere A, Lemoine-Goumard M, Lenain JP, Leuschner F, Lohse T, Luashvili A, Lypova , Mackey J, Majumdar J, Malyshev D, Marandon , Marchegiani P, Martí-Devesa G, Marx R, Maurin G, Meintjes PJ, Mitchell A, Mohrmann L, Montanari A, Moulin E, Muller J, Murach T, De Naurois M, Nayerhoda A, Niemiec J, Noel AP, O'Brien P, Ohm S, Olivera-Nieto L, Wilhelmi EDO, Ostrowski M, Panter M, Parsons RD, Peron G, Poireau , Prokhorov DA, Prokoph H, Puhlhofer G, Punch M, Quirrenbach A, Reichherzer P, Renaud M, Rieger F, Rowell G, Rudak B, Ricarte HR, Ruiz-Velasco E, Sahakian , Sailer S, Salzmann H, Sanchez DA, Santangelo A, Sasaki M, Schüssler F, Schutte HM, Schwanke U, Senniappan M, Shapopi JNS, Sinha A, Sol H, Specovius A, Spencer ST, Stawarz L, Steinmassl S, Steppa C, Sun L, Takahashi T, Tanaka T, Terrier R, Thorpe-Morgan C, Tsirou M, Tsuji N, Uchiyama Y, van Eldik C, Veh J, Vink J, Wagner SJ, Werner F, White R, Wierzcholska A, Wong YW, Zacharias M, Zargaryan D, Zdziarski AA, Zech A, Zhu SJ, Zouari S (2021)


Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2021

Journal

Book Volume: 923

Journal Issue: 1

DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac2e04

Abstract

We report on the observations of four well-localized binary black hole (BBH) mergers by the High Energy Stereoscopic System (H.E.S.S.) during the second and third observing runs of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo, O2 and O3. H.E.S.S. can observe 20 deg(2) of the sky at a time and follows up gravitational-wave (GW) events by "tiling" localization regions to maximize the covered localization probability. During O2 and O3, H.E.S.S. observed large portions of the localization regions, between 35% and 75%, for four BBH mergers (GW170814, GW190512_180714, GW190728_064510, and S200224ca). For these four GW events, we find no significant signal from a pointlike source in any of the observations, and we set upper limits on the very high energy (>100 GeV) gamma-ray emission. The 1-10 TeV isotropic luminosity of these GW events is below 10(45) erg s(-1) at the times of the H.E.S.S. observations, around the level of the low-luminosity GRB 190829A. Assuming no changes are made to how follow-up observations are conducted, H.E.S.S. can expect to observe over 60 GW events per year in the fourth GW observing run, O4, of which eight would be observable with minimal latency.

Authors with CRIS profile

Involved external institutions

Aix-Marseille University / Aix-Marseille Université FR France (FR) Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies (DIAS) IE Ireland (IE) Noordwes-Universiteit / North-West University ZA South Africa (ZA) Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen DE Germany (DE) Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY DE Germany (DE) Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik (MPIK) / Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics DE Germany (DE) Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin DE Germany (DE) University of Adelaide AU Australia (AU) University of Oxford GB United Kingdom (GB) University of Paris 4 - Paris-Sorbonne / Université paris IV Paris-Sorbonne FR France (FR) Yerevan Physics Institute (YerPhI) / Երևանի Ֆիզիկայի Ինստիտուտ AM Armenia (AM) Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN / Instytut Fizyki Jądrowej im. Henryka Niewodniczańskiego PAN PL Poland (PL) Universität Potsdam DE Germany (DE) Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg DE Germany (DE) École Polytechnique - Université Paris-Saclay FR France (FR) University of Savoy Mont Blanc / Université Savoie Mont Blanc FR France (FR) Konan University / 甲南大学 JP Japan (JP) Jagiellonian University / Uniwersytet Jagielloński (UJ) PL Poland (PL) University of the Witwatersrand (WITS) ZA South Africa (ZA) Linnaeus University (LNU) / Linnéuniversitetet SE Sweden (SE) Rikkyo University / 立教大学 JP Japan (JP) University of Namibia (UNAM) NA Namibia (NA) University of Tokyo JP Japan (JP) Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck / University of Innsbruck AT Austria (AT) Institut national de physique nucléaire et de physique des particules (IN2P3) FR France (FR) University of the Free State ZA South Africa (ZA) University of Amsterdam NL Netherlands (NL) Polska Akademia Nauk (PAN) / Polish Academy of Sciences PL Poland (PL) Nicolaus Copernicus University (NCU) / Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu (UMK) PL Poland (PL) University of Leicester GB United Kingdom (GB) University of Montpellier / Université Montpellier FR France (FR) University of Warsaw / Uniwersytet Warszawski PL Poland (PL) Riken Institute of Physical and Chemical Research / 理研 JP Japan (JP)

How to cite

APA:

Abdalla, H., Aharonian, F., Benkhali, F.A., Anguner, E.O., Ashkar, H., Backes, M.,... Zouari, S. (2021). HESS Follow-up Observations of Binary Black Hole Coalescence Events during the Second and Third Gravitational-wave Observing Runs of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo. Astrophysical Journal, 923(1). https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ac2e04

MLA:

Abdalla, H., et al. "HESS Follow-up Observations of Binary Black Hole Coalescence Events during the Second and Third Gravitational-wave Observing Runs of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo." Astrophysical Journal 923.1 (2021).

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