Bakhoda S, Thiemann T (2022)

**Publication Type:** Journal article

**Publication year:** 2022

**Book Volume:** 39

**Journal Issue:** 2

If one replaces the constraints of the Ashtekar-Barbero SU(2) gauge theory formulation of Euclidean gravity by their U(1)(3) version, one arrives at a consistent model which captures significant structures of its SU(2) version. In particular, it displays a non-trivial realisation of the hypersurface deformation algebra which makes it an interesting testing ground for (Euclidean) quantum gravity as has been emphasised in a recent series of papers due to Varadarajan et al. The simplification from SU(2) to U(1)(3) can be performed simply by hand within the Hamiltonian formulation by dropping all non-abelian terms from the Gauss, spatial diffeomorphism, and Hamiltonian constraints respectively. However, one may ask from which Lagrangian formulation this theory descends. For the SU(2) theory it is known that one can choose the Palatini action, Holst action, or (anti-)selfdual action (Euclidean signature) as starting point all leading to equivalent Hamiltonian formulations. In this paper, we systematically analyse this question directly for the U(1)(3) theory. Surprisingly, it turns out that the abelian analog of the Palatini or Holst formulation is a consistent but topological theory without propagating degrees of freedom. On the other hand, a twisted abelian analog of the (anti-)selfdual formulation does lead to the desired Hamiltonian formulation. A new aspect of our derivation is that we work with (1) half-density valued tetrads which simplifies the analysis, (2) without the simplicity constraint (which admits one undesired solution that is usually neglected by hand) and (3) without imposing the time gauge from the beginning. As a byproduct, we show that also the non-abelian theory admits a twisted (anti-)selfdual formulation. Finally, we also derive a pure connection formulation of Euclidean GR including a cosmological constant by extending previous work due to Capovilla, Dell, Jacobson, and Peldan which may be an interesting starting point for path integral investigations and displays (Euclidean) GR as a Yang-Mills theory with non-polynomial Lagrangian.

**APA:**

Bakhoda, S., & Thiemann, T. (2022). Covariant origin of the U(1)(3) model for Euclidean quantum gravity. *Classical and Quantum Gravity*, *39*(2). https://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-6382/ac37a4

**MLA:**

Bakhoda, S., and Thomas Thiemann. "Covariant origin of the U(1)(3) model for Euclidean quantum gravity." *Classical and Quantum Gravity* 39.2 (2022).

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