Glaucoma classification in 3 x 3 mm en face macular scans using deep learning in a different plexus

Schottenhamml J, Wuerfl T, Mardin S, Ploner S, Husvogt L, Hohberger B, Lämmer R, Mardin C, Maier A (2021)

Publication Type: Journal article, Original article

Publication year: 2021


Book Volume: 12

Pages Range: 7434-7444

Journal Issue: 12


DOI: 10.1364/BOE.439991

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Glaucoma is among the leading causes of irreversible blindness worldwide. If diagnosed and treated early enough, the disease progression can be stopped or slowed down. Therefore, it would be very valuable to detect early stages of glaucoma, which are mostly asymptomatic, by broad screening. This study examines different computational features that can be automatically deduced from images and their performance on the classification task of differentiating glaucoma patients and healthy controls. Data used for this study are 3 x 3 mm en face optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) images of different retinal projections (of the whole retina, the superficial vascular plexus (SVP), the intermediate capillary plexus (ICP) and the deep capillary plexus (DCP)) centered around the fovea. Our results show quantitatively that the automatically extracted features from convolutional neural networks (CNNs) perform similarly well or better than handcrafted ones when used to distinguish glaucoma patients from healthy controls. On the whole retina projection and the SVP projection, CNNs outperform the handcrafted features presented in the literature. Area under receiver operating characteristics (AUROC) on the SVP projection is 0.967, which is comparable to the best reported values in the literature. This is achieved despite using the small 3 x 3 mm field of view, which has been reported as disadvantageous for handcrafted vessel density features in previous works. A detailed analysis of our CNN method, using attention maps, suggests that this pertbrmance increase can be partially explained by the CNN automatically relying more on areas of higher relevance for feature extraction. (C) 2021 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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Schottenhamml, J., Wuerfl, T., Mardin, S., Ploner, S., Husvogt, L., Hohberger, B.,... Maier, A. (2021). Glaucoma classification in 3 x 3 mm en face macular scans using deep learning in a different plexus. Biomedical Optics Express, 12(12), 7434-7444.


Schottenhamml, Julia, et al. "Glaucoma classification in 3 x 3 mm en face macular scans using deep learning in a different plexus." Biomedical Optics Express 12.12 (2021): 7434-7444.

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