Schirdewahn S, Spranger F, Hilgenberg K, Merklein M (2022)
Publication Language: English
Publication Type: Journal article
Publication year: 2022
Book Volume: 414
Pages Range: 69-74
In the automotive industry, the development of electrically powered vehicles has become a major forward-looking topic. For improving the range and thus the efficiency of electric cars, lightweight construction has gained even more importance. In this regard, hot stamping has been established as a suitable and resource efficient process to manufacture high-strength and lightweight body-in-white components. This method combines hot forming and quenching of boron-manganese steel 22MnB5 in a single process step. As a result, complex structures with thin sheet thicknesses and high ultimate tensile strength up to 1500 MPa are generated. However, the use of lubricants is not possible at elevated temperatures, which subsequently leads to high thermo-mechanical tool stresses. As a side effect, high friction and severe wear occur during the forming process, which affect the resulting part quality and maximum tool life. Therefore, the aim of this study is to improve the tribological performance of hot stamping tools by using a laser implantation process. This technique is based on manufacturing highly wear resistant, separated and elevated structures in micrometer range by embedding hard ceramic particles into the tool material via pulsed laser radiation. As a result, highly stressed areas on the tool surface can be modified locally, which in turn influence the tribological and thermal behavior during the forming process. In this regard, laser implanted and conventionally tool surfaces were investigated under hot stamping conditions. A modified pin-on-disk test was used to analyze the friction coefficient and occuring wear mechanisms. Furthermore, quenching tests as well as hardness measurements were carried out to gain in-depth knowledge about the cooling behavior of the modified tool surfaces and its impact to the resulting mechanical part properties.
Schirdewahn, S., Spranger, F., Hilgenberg, K., & Merklein, M. (2022). Tribological and thermal behavior of laser implanted tool surfaces for hot stamping AlSi coated 22MnB5 sheets. Defect and Diffusion Forum, 414, 69-74. https://dx.doi.org/10.4028/p-e4i60t
Schirdewahn, Stephan, et al. "Tribological and thermal behavior of laser implanted tool surfaces for hot stamping AlSi coated 22MnB5 sheets." Defect and Diffusion Forum 414 (2022): 69-74.