Automatic detection of pathological myopia using machine learning

Rauf N, Gilani SO, Waris A (2021)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2021


Book Volume: 11

Article Number: 16570

Journal Issue: 1

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-95205-1


Pathological myopia is a severe case of myopia, i.e., nearsightedness. Pathological myopia is also known as degenerative myopia because it ultimately leads to blindness. In pathological myopia, certain myopia-specific pathologies occur at the eye’s posterior i.e., Foster-Fuchs’s spot, Cystoid degeneration, Liquefaction, Macular degeneration, Vitreous opacities, Weiss’s reflex, Posterior staphyloma, etc. This research is aimed at developing a machine learning (ML) approach for the automatic detection of pathological myopia based on fundus images. A deep learning technique of convolutional neural network (CNN) is employed for this purpose. A CNN model is developed in Spyder. The fundus images are first preprocessed. The preprocessed images are then fed to the designed CNN model. The CNN model automatically extracts the features from the input images and classifies the images i.e., normal image or pathological myopia. The best performing CNN model achieved an AUC score of 0.9845. The best validation loss obtained is 0.1457. The results show that the model can be successfully employed to detect pathological myopia from the fundus images.

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Rauf, N., Gilani, S.O., & Waris, A. (2021). Automatic detection of pathological myopia using machine learning. Scientific Reports, 11(1).


Rauf, Namra, Syed Omer Gilani, and Asim Waris. "Automatic detection of pathological myopia using machine learning." Scientific Reports 11.1 (2021).

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