Facile Synthesis of Gallium (III)-Chitosan Complexes as Antibacterial Biomaterial

Akhtar MA, Hadzhieva Z, Ilyas K, Ali MS, Peukert W, Boccaccini AR (2021)

Publication Language: English

Publication Status: Published

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2021


Book Volume: 13

Journal Issue: 10

DOI: 10.3390/pharmaceutics13101702


Even though antibiotic treatment remains one of the most common tools to handle bacterial infections, the excessive antibiotic concentration at the target site may lead to undesired effects. Aiming at the fabrication of antibiotic-free biomaterials for antibacterial applications, in this work, we propose the synthesis of gallium (III)-chitosan (Ga (III)-CS) complexes with six different gallium concentrations via an in situ precipitation method. Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy indicated the chelation of chitosan with Ga (III) by peak shifts and changes in the relative absorbance of key spectral bands, while energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy indicated the homogenous distribution of the metal ions within the polymer matrix. Additionally, similar to CS, all Ga (III)-CS complexes showed hydrophobic behavior during static contact-angle measurements. The antibacterial property of the complexes against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria was positively correlated with the Ga (III) concentration. Moreover, cell studies confirmed the nontoxic behavior of the complexes against the human osteosarcoma cell line (MG-63 cells) and mouse embryonic fibroblasts cell line (MEFs). Based on the results of this study, new antibiotic-free antibacterial biomaterials based on Ga (III)-CS can be developed, expanding the scope of CS applications in the biomedical field.

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Akhtar, M.A., Hadzhieva, Z., Ilyas, K., Ali, M.S., Peukert, W., & Boccaccini, A.R. (2021). Facile Synthesis of Gallium (III)-Chitosan Complexes as Antibacterial Biomaterial. Pharmaceutics, 13(10). https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics13101702


Akhtar, Muhammad Asim, et al. "Facile Synthesis of Gallium (III)-Chitosan Complexes as Antibacterial Biomaterial." Pharmaceutics 13.10 (2021).

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