PV modules and their backsheets - A case study of a Multi-MW PV power station

Buerhop-Lutz C, Stroyuk O, Pickel T, Winkler T, Hauch J, Peters IM (2021)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2021


Book Volume: 231

Article Number: 111295

DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2021.111295


Degradation of backsheets (BSs) and encapsulant polymer components of silicon PV modules is recognized as one of the main reasons for losses in PV plant performance and lifetime expectations. Here, we report initial insights into the correlation between BS composition of PV-modules and PV power station performance by using a combination of lab- and field-imaging, as well as spectroscopic and electrical characterizations. Using field-suitable near-infrared absorption (NIRA) spectroscopy, the BS structure of 518 PV-modules, 2.5 % of the PV-modules in a 5 MWp PV power station, was identified on-site. The variance of the BS composition was found to be heterogeneous across PV-modules of the same power class from the same manufacturer. Polyamide-based BSs cause in 10 out of 100 inverters ground impedance values below 400 kΩ, which is a typical threshold for inverters connecting to the grid. For fluorinated coating-based BSs this low value is reached 20 times. We conclude these numbers best as possible from the available monitoring data of inverters associated with BS-types from NIRA. The identification of degraded coating-based BSs is challenging, since visually they look healthy and undistinguishable to well performing BSs. The present results demonstrate that a deeper understanding of the relationship between bill-of-materials and performance of PV-modules is necessary to avoid/minimize inverter shut-downs, and that it can be achieved by using combinations of selected field and lab characterization methods with monitoring data.

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Buerhop-Lutz, C., Stroyuk, O., Pickel, T., Winkler, T., Hauch, J., & Peters, I.M. (2021). PV modules and their backsheets - A case study of a Multi-MW PV power station. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 231. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2021.111295


Buerhop-Lutz, Claudia, et al. "PV modules and their backsheets - A case study of a Multi-MW PV power station." Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 231 (2021).

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