Trace element and oxygen isotope study of eclogites and associated rocks from the Münchberg Massif (Germany) with implications on the protolith origin and fluid-rock interactions
Pohlner JE, El Korh A, Klemd R, Grobéty B, Pettke T, Chiaradia M (2021)
Publication Type: Journal article
Publication year: 2021
Book Volume: 579
Article Number: 120352
Eclogites, metagabbros, and paragneisses from the Variscan Münchberg Massif record a complex succession of igneous, hydrothermal and metamorphic processes. The geodynamic setting related to the protolith formation and the impact of different types of fluid-rock interactions have been uncertain up to now. We use major and trace element chemistry as well as oxygen isotopes to disentangle the geochemical signatures related to the different stages of the rocks' history. In the Münchberg Massif, dark eclogites (kyanite-free; Fe-Ti-MORB signature) are distinguished from light eclogites (kyanite-bearing; higher Mg#, Al2O3, and Cr; lower incompatible element contents; positive Eu anomalies; MORB to arc basalt signature). The δ18O values for both types (+5.0 to +10.8‰) are equal to, or higher than those of MORB. Amphibolite facies metagabbros have a more enriched, almost OIB-like trace element signature and high δ18O values (+9.4 to +10.3‰). Good linear correlations between fluid-immobile elements throughout the eclogite types confirm their derivation from a common, N-MORB to E-MORB-like parental magma. We interpret the light eclogites as former plagioclase-rich cumulates and the dark eclogites as their complementary differentiates. This relationship is partly obscured by variable degrees of magma contamination by sediments, which also affected the metagabbros. However, the metagabbros originated from a more enriched mantle source than the eclogites. Following intrusion, the eclogites were subjected to hydrothermal alteration under the influence of seawater, as indicated by positive correlations between Li, B, Sb, and δ18O. Metamorphic fluid-rock interactions appear to be mostly of limited extent, probably due to the lack of lawsonite dehydration as a fluid source. Nevertheless, the contents at least of some fluid-mobile elements, such as LILE, Li, and Pb, were probably modified during the subduction-exhumation cycle of the eclogites. The crustal contamination of the protolith magmas argues against derivation of the eclogites and metagabbros from typical oceanic crust. Instead, a rift-drift transition setting related to the opening of the Rheic or Saxothuringian Ocean seems most likely. The eclogites and metagabbros, alongside with similar rocks in the Mariánské Lázně complex and other resembling high-pressure massifs, may record different stages of this rift-drift transition.
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Pohlner, J.E., El Korh, A., Klemd, R., Grobéty, B., Pettke, T., & Chiaradia, M. (2021). Trace element and oxygen isotope study of eclogites and associated rocks from the Münchberg Massif (Germany) with implications on the protolith origin and fluid-rock interactions. Chemical Geology, 579. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2021.120352
Pohlner, Johannes E., et al. "Trace element and oxygen isotope study of eclogites and associated rocks from the Münchberg Massif (Germany) with implications on the protolith origin and fluid-rock interactions." Chemical Geology 579 (2021).