Floros D, Jobst A, Kergaßner A, Merklein M, Steinmann P (2021)
Publication Type: Journal article
Publication year: 2021
An holistic view is attempted towards prediction of the effect of residual stresses induced by full-forward extrusion on fatigue life of workpieces during operation. To study the effect of constitutive model on the accuracy of forming simulations, a combined nonlinear isotropic/kinematic hardening model as well as the isotropic hardening part of the same model are calibrated based on five compression-tension-compression uniaxial stress experiments. A full-forward extrusion finite element model is developed adapting both the aforementioned hardening plasticity models and the predicted residual stress states at the surface of the workpiece are compared against that of a corresponding forming experiment. Results show residual stress predictions of remarkable accuracy by the FE-models with the isotropic hardening model. The effect of residual stresses on fatigue life of the workpiece is qualitatively studied by uncoupled multiscale simulations featuring gradient crystal plasticity at the microscale. While the effective (homogenized) macroscale response indicates elastic response during a macroscopically cyclic loading, plasticity accompanying reduction of residual stresses is still present at the microscale within, e.g. grain boundaries.
Floros, D., Jobst, A., Kergaßner, A., Merklein, M., & Steinmann, P. (2021). Towards an holistic account on residual stresses in full-forward extruded rods: Experiment, modeling and simulation of forming and operation phases. Archive of Applied Mechanics. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00419-021-01917-1
Floros, Dimosthenis, et al. "Towards an holistic account on residual stresses in full-forward extruded rods: Experiment, modeling and simulation of forming and operation phases." Archive of Applied Mechanics (2021).