GaN-Half-Bridge for Core Loss Measurements under Rectangular AC Voltage and DC Bias of the Magnetic Flux Density

Stenglein E, Kohlhepp B, Kübrich D, Albach M, Dürbaum T (2020)


Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2020

Journal

Book Volume: 69

Pages Range: 6312-6321

Article Number: 8985274

Journal Issue: 9

DOI: 10.1109/TIM.2020.2972140

Abstract

An accurate calculation of core losses is essential for the design of switched-mode power supplies. However, such predictions remain a challenge as core losses depend on various parameters, e.g., the waveform of the magnetic flux density, including its fundamental frequency and dc bias. To investigate the influence of dc bias, core loss measurements usually impose a dc current and, thus, dc bias of the magnetic field strength on ungapped toroid samples. However, hardware designers require the ac and dc excitation of the magnetic flux density. Therefore, this article proposes a half-bridge configuration to impose rectangular ac voltages on the core under test (CUT). By performing a pulsed operation in combination with an iteration method, the desired ac and dc excitation of the magnetic flux density can be obtained. GaN-HEMTs have been applied as they allow a printed circuit board design with low parasitic inductances and thus avoid ringing. The measurement setup is able to characterize magnetic materials at high frequencies for triangular magnetic flux density waveforms, including dc bias and different duty cycles. In addition, the influence of magnetic history on core losses can be studied, an issue usually not addressed in the literature. Moreover, the relationship between the dc bias of the magnetic field strength and the dc bias of the magnetic flux density is investigated. A simple functional approach, e.g., by using the initial magnetization curve, does not suffice to describe this relationship. Accordingly, core losses should be derived as a function of dc bias of the magnetic flux density for the results to be of practical use to hardware designers.

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How to cite

APA:

Stenglein, E., Kohlhepp, B., Kübrich, D., Albach, M., & Dürbaum, T. (2020). GaN-Half-Bridge for Core Loss Measurements under Rectangular AC Voltage and DC Bias of the Magnetic Flux Density. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, 69(9), 6312-6321. https://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TIM.2020.2972140

MLA:

Stenglein, Erika, et al. "GaN-Half-Bridge for Core Loss Measurements under Rectangular AC Voltage and DC Bias of the Magnetic Flux Density." IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement 69.9 (2020): 6312-6321.

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