Optimization of Porcine Ovarian Follicle Isolation Methods for Better Developmental Potential

Fattahi A, Liverani L, Dittrich R, Hoffmann I, Boccaccini AR, Beckmann M, Bleisinger N (2020)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2020


DOI: 10.1089/ten.tea.2020.0058


In the present study, we present a comparative analysis among the outputs of porcine follicle isolation using either mechanical technique alone or in combination with enzymes, proposing an optimized protocol useful for all further applications related to folliclein vitrogrowth and reproductive tissue engineering. The porcine follicles were isolated using mechanical technique alone (hand blender and scalpels) or in combination with collagenase or Liberase Dispase High (DH) at different doses applying different protocols. Finally, the number, morphology, and stage of isolated follicles were compared between the protocols. Moreover, the follicle viability (live/dead assay) and morphology (rhodamine phalloidin and 4 ',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole staining and scanning electron microscopy analysis) were evaluated after 10 days of culture. We found an optimum protocol for intact follicle isolation using the mechanical technique in combination with enzymes at a concentration of 0.5 mg/mL. However, the number of total isolated follicles and primordial follicles was significantly higher when collagenase was used compared to Liberase DH (p < 0.05), while Liberase DH could isolate a significantly higher percentage of preantral follicles. After 10 days of culture, the morphology and health status of follicles were statistically higher when Liberase DH was used in comparison with collagenase. Moreover, on the follicles extracted with Liberase DH, it was possible to observe theca cells covering part of the follicle surface. In conclusion, we demonstrated that the intact primary or secondary follicles could not be obtained using only mechanical methods, which led to the isolation of denuded oocytes and dramatically damaged follicles. We concluded that the collagenase-based follicle isolation could negatively affect the morphology and developmental potential of the follicles. Moreover, the incubation of ovarian cortex tissues with Liberase DH solution is an optimized protocol for porcine ovarian follicle isolation with developmental competence.

Authors with CRIS profile

How to cite


Fattahi, A., Liverani, L., Dittrich, R., Hoffmann, I., Boccaccini, A.R., Beckmann, M., & Bleisinger, N. (2020). Optimization of Porcine Ovarian Follicle Isolation Methods for Better Developmental Potential. Tissue Engineering - Part A. https://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ten.tea.2020.0058


Fattahi, Amir, et al. "Optimization of Porcine Ovarian Follicle Isolation Methods for Better Developmental Potential." Tissue Engineering - Part A (2020).

BibTeX: Download