Estimating the Income Gain of Seasonal Labor Migration

Liebensteiner M (2014)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2014


Book Volume: 18

Pages Range: 667-680

Journal Issue: 4

DOI: 10.1111/rode.12110


Male seasonal labor migration has become an increasing phenomenon globally and particularly for A rmenia. This study finds that the monthly income gains for seasonal migrants from A rmenia to R ussia are about US $480 relative to only US $50 in the case of non‐migration. Individual panel data based on a novel household survey allow controlling for a variety of socio‐economic characteristics. Propensity score matching combined with difference‐in‐differences addresses potential endogenous self‐selection into migration. This paper finds negative selection based on education, employment, and pre‐migration income. This is reflected by a low premium for skills in R ussia relative to A rmenia, luring seasonal migrants into low‐skill jobs, mainly in the construction sector. The results identify seasonal labor migration as an attractive opportunity to escape unemployment, especially for the unskilled labor force. Therefore, seasonal migration has become an increasingly important source of income for households (through remittances) from low‐income countries and helps eradicate poverty.

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How to cite


Liebensteiner, M. (2014). Estimating the Income Gain of Seasonal Labor Migration. Review of Development Economics, 18(4), 667-680.


Liebensteiner, Mario. "Estimating the Income Gain of Seasonal Labor Migration." Review of Development Economics 18.4 (2014): 667-680.

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