Differences of the immune phenotype of breast cancer cells after ex vivo hyperthermia by warm-water or microwave radiation in a closed-loop system alone or in combination with radiotherapy

Hader M, Savcigil DP, Rosin A, Ponfick P, Gekle S, Wadepohl M, Bekeschus S, Fietkau R, Frey B, Schlücker E, Gaipl U (2020)


Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2020

Journal

Book Volume: 12

Article Number: 1082

Journal Issue: 5

DOI: 10.3390/cancers12051082

Abstract

The treatment of breast cancer by radiotherapy can be complemented by hyperthermia. Little is known about how the immune phenotype of tumor cells is changed thereby, also in terms of a dependence on the heating method. We developed a sterile closed-loop system, using either a warm-water bath or a microwave at 2.45 GHz to examine the impact of ex vivo hyperthermia on cell death, the release of HSP70, and the expression of immune checkpoint molecules (ICMs) on MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells by multicolor flow cytometry and ELISA. Heating was performed between 39 and 44C. Numerical process simulations identified temperature distributions. Additionally, irradiation with 2 × 5 Gy or 5 × 2 Gy was applied. We observed a release of HSP70 after hyperthermia at all examined temperatures and independently of the heating method, but microwave heating was more effective in cell killing, and microwave heating with and without radiotherapy increased subsequent HSP70 concentrations. Adding hyperthermia to radiotherapy, dynamically or individually, affected the expression of the ICM PD-L1, PD-L2, HVEM, ICOS-L, CD137-L, OX40-L, CD27-L, and EGFR on breast cancer cells. Well-characterized pre-clinical heating systems are mandatory to screen the immune phenotype of tumor cells in clinically relevant settings to define immune matrices for therapy adaption.

Authors with CRIS profile

Involved external institutions

How to cite

APA:

Hader, M., Savcigil, D.P., Rosin, A., Ponfick, P., Gekle, S., Wadepohl, M.,... Gaipl, U. (2020). Differences of the immune phenotype of breast cancer cells after ex vivo hyperthermia by warm-water or microwave radiation in a closed-loop system alone or in combination with radiotherapy. Cancers, 12(5). https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers12051082

MLA:

Hader, Michael, et al. "Differences of the immune phenotype of breast cancer cells after ex vivo hyperthermia by warm-water or microwave radiation in a closed-loop system alone or in combination with radiotherapy." Cancers 12.5 (2020).

BibTeX: Download