Electrochemical Disinfection of Experimentally Infected Teeth by Boron-Doped Diamond Electrode Treatment

Böhm AL, Koch M, Rosiwal S, Burkovski A, Karl M, Grobecker-Karl T (2019)


Publication Language: English

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2019

Journal

DOI: 10.3390/jcm8122037

Abstract

Disinfection and prevention of re-infection are the decisive treatment steps in endodontic therapy. In this study, boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrodes have been fabricated and used for disinfecting the root canals of extracted human teeth, which had been covered with bacterial biofilms formed by Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus epidermidis. The growth of B. subtilis could be successfully impaired, achieving a complete disinfection after 8.5 min treatment time with the success of disinfection depending on the insertion depth of the electrode in the root canal. S. epidermidis could completely be removed after 3.5 min treatment time. A clinically applicable electrode array led to complete disinfection after treatment times of 10 min for S. epidermidis and 25 min for B. subtilis. BDD electrode application allowed for the improved disinfection of root canals and dentin tubules based on a continuous production of reactive oxygen species and their enhanced penetration of dentin tubules most likely due the formation of a continuous stream of small gas bubbles. The treatment times that are required here will be shortened in clinical application, as mechanical shaping of the canal system would precede the disinfection process.

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How to cite

APA:

Böhm, A.-L., Koch, M., Rosiwal, S., Burkovski, A., Karl, M., & Grobecker-Karl, T. (2019). Electrochemical Disinfection of Experimentally Infected Teeth by Boron-Doped Diamond Electrode Treatment. Journal of Clinical Medicine. https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8122037

MLA:

Böhm, Anna-Lena, et al. "Electrochemical Disinfection of Experimentally Infected Teeth by Boron-Doped Diamond Electrode Treatment." Journal of Clinical Medicine (2019).

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