Elements of Superior Responsibility for Sexual Violence by Subordinates

Petrossian G (2019)

Publication Language: English

Publication Type: Journal article, Original article

Publication year: 2019


Series: Criminal Law Edition of Manitoba Law Journal

Book Volume: 42

Pages Range: 123 - 152

Journal Issue: 3

URI: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3451524

DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.3451524

Open Access Link: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3451524


In certain circumstances, rape and other forms of sexual violence have already been recognised as international crimes (i.e. war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide). International criminal tribunals usually prosecute those most responsible for the crimes, who are often military commanders or civilian superiors, and not low-level perpetrators. Once it has been established that a sexual crime amounting to an international crime has been committed, the accused can be held accountable for sexual violence perpetrated by his/her subordinates under the doctrine of superior responsibility, providing that certain requirements are met. This paper recalls the elements of crimes of sexual violence developed under international law and the elements of superior responsibility, which serves to draw attention to certain issues pertaining to superior responsibility for sexual violence committed by subordinates.

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How to cite


Petrossian, G. (2019). Elements of Superior Responsibility for Sexual Violence by Subordinates. Manitoba Law Journal, 42(3), 123 - 152. https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3451524


Petrossian, Gurgen. "Elements of Superior Responsibility for Sexual Violence by Subordinates." Manitoba Law Journal 42.3 (2019): 123 - 152.

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