Bremer O, Jarochowska E, Märss T (2019)
Publication Language: English
Publication Type: Journal article, Original article
Publication year: 2019
Open Access Link: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/11035897.2019.1655790
A long history of geological research on the island of Gotland, Sweden, has resulted in a detailed biostratigraphy based on conodonts for the Gotland sedimentary succession, but the relation between the Hamra and Sundre formations, the youngest strata on southern Gotland, has remained poorly resolved. These formations have also remained relatively poorly described in terms of vertebrates compared to other parts of the succession. A survey of museum collections and newly sampled material reveal that the taxonomical compositions and richness of vertebrate faunas remain similar compared to the underlying Burgsvik Sandstone and Oolite members. However, the relative abundance of the respective groups changes: Paralogania ludlowiensis and rare osteostracan remains of Tahulaspis sp. only occur in samples from the lower Hamra Formation, while Thelodus sculptilis becomes more common in samples from Sundre Formation. Conodont and isotope data give support to previous suggestions that the Hamra and Sundre formations may be largely isochronous, and it is possible that the observed differences in vertebrate faunas reflect changes in depositional setting. This interval on Gotland has been suggested to represent a hiatus in the East Baltic sections, where younger strata show an increased importance of acanthodians in the vertebrate faunas. Gotland could therefore give insights into the early stages of this diversification of gnathostomes during late Silurian times. However, this has to be done in combination with data from other areas, as well as with a review and revision of the scale-based taxonomy of Silurian acanthodians from the Baltic Basin.
Bremer, O., Jarochowska, E., & Märss, T. (2019). Vertebrate remains and conodonts in the upper Silurian Hamra and Sundre formations of Gotland, Sweden. GFF. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/11035897.2019.1655790
Bremer, Oskar, Emilia Jarochowska, and Tiiu Märss. "Vertebrate remains and conodonts in the upper Silurian Hamra and Sundre formations of Gotland, Sweden." GFF (2019).