Anodic Titanium Dioxide Nanotubes for Magnetically Guided Therapeutic Delivery

Hasanzadeh Kafshgari M, Kah DTE, Mazare AV, Nguyen NT, Distaso M, Peukert W, Goldmann W, Schmuki P, Fabry B (2019)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2019


Book Volume: 9

Pages Range: 13439-

Journal Issue: 1

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-49513-2


Hollow titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanotubes offer substantially higher drug loading capacity and slower drug release kinetics compared to solid drug nanocarriers of comparable size. In this report, we load TiO2 nanotubes with iron oxide nanoparticles to facilitate site-specific magnetic guidance and drug delivery. We generate magnetic TiO2 nanotubes (TiO2NTs) by incorporating a ferrofluid containing Ø ≈ 10 nm iron oxide nanoparticles in planar sheets of weakly connected TiO2 nanotubes. After thermal annealing, the magnetic tubular arrays are loaded with therapeutic drugs and then sonicated to separate the nanotubes. We demonstrate that magnetic TiO2NTs are non-toxic for HeLa cells at therapeutic concentrations (≤200 µg/mL). Adhesion and endocytosis of magnetic nanotubes to a layer of HeLa cells are increased in the presence of a magnetic gradient field. As a proof-of-concept, we load the nanotubes with the topoisomerase inhibitor camptothecin and achieve a 90% killing efficiency. We also load the nanotubes with oligonucleotides for cell transfection and achieve 100% cellular uptake efficiency. Our results demonstrate the potential of magnetic TiO2NTs for a wide range of biomedical applications, including site-specific delivery of therapeutic drugs.

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Hasanzadeh Kafshgari, M., Kah, D.-T.E., Mazare, A.V., Nguyen, N.T., Distaso, M., Peukert, W.,... Fabry, B. (2019). Anodic Titanium Dioxide Nanotubes for Magnetically Guided Therapeutic Delivery. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 13439-.


Hasanzadeh Kafshgari, Morteza, et al. "Anodic Titanium Dioxide Nanotubes for Magnetically Guided Therapeutic Delivery." Scientific Reports 9.1 (2019): 13439-.

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