Microplasticity and yielding in crystals with heterogeneous dislocation distribution

Zhang X, Xiong J, Fan H, Zaiser M (2019)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2019


Book Volume: 27

Journal Issue: 7

DOI: 10.1088/1361-651X/ab2851


In this study, we use discrete dislocation dynamics simulation to investigate the effect of heterogeneous dislocation density on the transition between quasi-elastic deformation and plastic flow in face-centered cubic single crystals. By analyzing the stress-strain curves of samples with an initial, axial dislocation density gradient, we arrive at the following conclusions: (i) in the regime of quasi-elastic deformation before the onset of plastic flow, the effective elastic modulus of the simulated samples falls significantly below the value for a dislocation-free crystal. This modulus reduction increases with decreasing dislocation density gradient: crystals with homogeneous dislocation distribution are thus weakest in the quasi-elastic regime; (ii) the transition towards plastic flow occurs first in regions of reduced dislocation density. Therefore, the overall yield stress decreases with increasing dislocation density gradient; (iii) crystals with dislocation density gradient exhibit a more pronounced hardening stage during which stress is re-distributed onto stronger regions with higher dislocation density until the sample flows at a constant flow stress that is approximately independent of dislocation density gradient. We interpret these findings in terms of a continuum dislocation dynamics inspired model of dislocation density evolution that accounts for geometrically reversible ('inversive') dislocation motions. The transition between quasi-elastic and plastic deformation is interpreted as a transition from inversive to non-inversive dislocation motion, and the initial differences in elastic modulus are related to a density dependent polarizability of the dislocation system. The subsequent plastic flow behavior is analyzed in terms of a modified version of Mughrabi's composite model.

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Zhang, X., Xiong, J., Fan, H., & Zaiser, M. (2019). Microplasticity and yielding in crystals with heterogeneous dislocation distribution. Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering, 27(7). https://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-651X/ab2851


Zhang, Xu, et al. "Microplasticity and yielding in crystals with heterogeneous dislocation distribution." Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering 27.7 (2019).

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