Three-generation households and child mental health in European countries

Masfety VK, Aarnink C, Otten R, Bitfoi A, Mihova Z, Lesinskiene S, Carta MG, Gölitz D, Husky M (2019)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2019


Book Volume: 54

Pages Range: 427-436

Journal Issue: 4

DOI: 10.1007/s00127-018-1640-9


PurposeTo evaluate the associations between the presence of a grand parent at home that is three-generation household, with children mental health in diverse countries whether this situation is frequent or not.MethodsData from the School Children Mental Health in Europe cross-sectional survey in six countries (n=4582) were used to examine the association between three-generation households and child mental health across Europe. The parent and teacher Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire was combined to assess child mental clinical problems.ResultsOverall, 25.13% of European families live with at least one grandparent: 5.46% in Western and 29.70% in Eastern Europe. Controlling for key sociodemographic variables and for country of residence, the presence of a grandparent is associated with an increased risk for child mental health problems in the total sample (OR 1.37, p=0.002). In two-parent homes, the effect of the presence of a grandparent is significant (OR 1.40, p=0.026), while it is not in single-parent homes. In each country, the presence of a grandparent is a risk for either externalizing or internalizing problems.ConclusionsPrograms may be developed to educate elderly people to better respect their children's role as parents so having a grandparent in the home can become an asset for family members rather than a burden.

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Masfety, V.K., Aarnink, C., Otten, R., Bitfoi, A., Mihova, Z., Lesinskiene, S.,... Husky, M. (2019). Three-generation households and child mental health in European countries. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 54(4), 427-436.


Masfety, Viviane Kovess, et al. "Three-generation households and child mental health in European countries." Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 54.4 (2019): 427-436.

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