Mechanisms of early ettringite formation in ternary CSA-OPC-anhydrite systems

Wolf J, Jansen D, Götz-Neunhoeffer F, Neubauer J (2019)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2019


Book Volume: 31

Pages Range: 195-204

Journal Issue: 4

DOI: 10.1680/jadcr.18.00115


Ternary systems on the basis of calcium sulfoaluminate (CSA), ordinary Portland cement (OPC) and anhydrite are known for their rapid setting and hardening properties, which are mainly attributed to the formation of ettringite. Ettringite is the major hydrate phase precipitated in the early stages of hydration in these systems and may be formed by three different main reaction pathways. To investigate the process of these mechanisms, the hydration of four different ternary blends were examined by means of heat flow calorimetry, in situ X-ray diffraction, and thermogravimetric analysis. For the CSA-rich mixes, it was found that hydration in the first 48 h is only subject to the behaviour of ye'elimite and anhydrite dissolution and the resulting formation of ettringite. In the system with the highest OPC proportion, the initial hydration kinetics were found to be more rapid, leading to very high ettringite quantities in the first couple of hours. With the dissolution of the anhydrous OPC phases, more ettringite is formed by the hydration of C(3)A and the consumption of AH(3) stemming from the hydration of ye'elimite and calcium provided by the dissolution of C3S. In the OPC-rich mixes, more than 50% of the formed ettringite can be attributed to this coupled reaction pathway.

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Wolf, J., Jansen, D., Götz-Neunhoeffer, F., & Neubauer, J. (2019). Mechanisms of early ettringite formation in ternary CSA-OPC-anhydrite systems. Advances in Cement Research, 31(4), 195-204.


Wolf, Julian, et al. "Mechanisms of early ettringite formation in ternary CSA-OPC-anhydrite systems." Advances in Cement Research 31.4 (2019): 195-204.

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