Spaceborne Polarimetric SAR Interferometry: Performance Analysis and Mission Concepts

Krieger G, Papathanassiou KP, Cloude S (2005)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2005


Publisher: Hindawi

Edited Volumes: Eurasip Journal on Applied Signal Processing

Book Volume: 2005

Pages Range: 3272-3292

Journal Issue: 20


DOI: 10.1155/ASP.2005.3272


We investigate multichannel imaging radar systems employing coherent combinations of polarimetry and interferometry (Pol-InSAR). Such systems are well suited for the extraction of bio- and geophysical parameters by evaluating the combined scattering from surfaces and volumes. This combination leads to several important differences between the design of Pol-InSAR sensors and conventional single polarisation SAR interferometers. We first highlight these differences and then investigate the Pol-InSAR performance of two proposed spaceborne SAR systems (ALOS/PalSAR and TerraSAR-L) operating in repeat-pass mode. For this, we introduce the novel concept of a phase tube which enables (1) a quantitative assessment of the Pol-InSAR performance, (2) a comparison between different sensor configurations, and (3) an optimization of the instrument settings for different Pol-InSAR applications. The phase tube may hence serve as an interface between system engineers and application-oriented scientists. The performance analysis reveals major limitations for even moderate levels of temporal decorrelation. Such deteriorations may be avoided in single-pass sensor configurations and we demonstrate the potential benefits from the use of future bi- and multistatic SAR interferometers.

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Krieger, G., Papathanassiou, K.P., & Cloude, S. (2005). Spaceborne Polarimetric SAR Interferometry: Performance Analysis and Mission Concepts. EURASIP J APPL SIG P, 2005(20), 3272-3292.


Krieger, Gerhard, Konstantinos P. Papathanassiou, and Shane Cloude. "Spaceborne Polarimetric SAR Interferometry: Performance Analysis and Mission Concepts." EURASIP J APPL SIG P 2005.20 (2005): 3272-3292.

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