Bistatic TerraSAR-X/F-SAR Spaceborne-Airborne SAR Experiment: Description, Data Processing and Results

Rodriguez-Cassola M, Baumgartner SV, Krieger G, Moreira A (2010)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2010


Publisher: IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

Book Volume: 48

Pages Range: 781-794

Journal Issue: 2


DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2009.2029984


We report about the first X-band spaceborneairborne bistatic synthetic aperture radar (SAR) experiment, conducted early November 2007, using the German satellite TerraSAR-X as transmitter and the German Aerospace Center's (DLR) new airborne radar system F-SAR as receiver. The importance of the experiment resides in both its pioneering character and its potential to serve as a test bed for the validation of nonstationary bistatic acquisitions, novel calibration and synchronization algorithms, and advanced imaging techniques. Due to the independent operation of the transmitter and receiver, an accurate synchronization procedure was needed during processing to make high-resolution imaging feasible. Precise phase-preserving bistatic focusing can only be achieved if time and phase synchronization exist. The synchronization approach, based on the evaluation of the range histories of several reference targets, was verified through a separate analysis of the range and Doppler contributions. After successful synchronization, nonstationary focusing was performed using a bistatic backprojection algorithm. During the campaign, stand-alone TerraSAR-X monostatic as well as interoperated TerraSAR-X/F-SAR bistatic data sets were recorded. As expected, the bistatic image shows a space-variant behavior in spatial resolution and in signal-to-noise ratio. Due to the selected configuration, the bistatic image outperforms its monostatic counterpart in almost the complete imaged scene. A detailed comparison between monostatic and bistatic images is given, illustrating the complementarity of both measurements in terms of backscatter and Doppler information. The results are of fundamental importance for the development of future nonsynchronized bistatic SAR systems. © 2009 IEEE.

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Rodriguez-Cassola, M., Baumgartner, S.V., Krieger, G., & Moreira, A. (2010). Bistatic TerraSAR-X/F-SAR Spaceborne-Airborne SAR Experiment: Description, Data Processing and Results. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 48(2), 781-794.


Rodriguez-Cassola, Marc, et al. "Bistatic TerraSAR-X/F-SAR Spaceborne-Airborne SAR Experiment: Description, Data Processing and Results." IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 48.2 (2010): 781-794.

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