Prior-Free Respiratory Motion Estimation in Rotational Angiography

Unberath M, Taubmann O, Aichert A, Achenbach S, Maier A (2018)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2018


Book Volume: 37

Pages Range: 1999-2009

Journal Issue: 9

DOI: 10.1109/TMI.2018.2806310


Rotational coronary angiography using C-arm angiography systems enables intra-procedural 3-D imaging that is considered beneficial for diagnostic assessment and interventional guidance. Despite previous efforts, rotational angiography was not yet successfully established in clinical practice for coronary artery procedures due to challenges associated with substantial intra-scan respiratory and cardiac motion. While gating handles cardiac motion during reconstruction, respiratory motion requires compensation. State-of-the-art algorithms rely on 3-D / 2-D registration that requires an uncompensated reconstruction of sufficient quality. To overcome this limitation, we investigate two prior-free respiratory motion estimation methods based on the optimization of: 1) epipolar consistency conditions (ECCs) and 2) a task-based auto-focus measure (AFM). The methods assess redundancies in projection images or impose favorable properties of 3-D space, respectively, and are used to estimate the respiratory motion of the coronary arteries within rotational angiograms. We evaluate our algorithms on the publicly available CAVAREV benchmark and on clinical data. We quantify reductions in error due to respiratory motion compensation using a dedicated reconstruction domain metric. Moreover, we study the improvements in image quality when using an analytic and a novel temporal total variation regularized algebraic reconstruction algorithm. We observed substantial improvement in all figures of merit compared with the uncompensated case. Improvements in image quality presented as a reduction of double edges, blurring, and noise. Benefits of the proposed corrections were notable even in cases suffering little corruption from respiratory motion, translating to an improvement in the vessel sharpness of (6.08 ± 4.46)% and (14.7 ± 8.80)% when the ECC-based and the AFM-based compensation were applied. On the CAVAREV data, our motion compensation approach exhibits an improvement of (27.6 ± 7.5)% and (97.0 ± 17.7)% when the ECC and AFM were used, respectively. At the time of writing, our method based on AFM is leading the CAVAREV scoreboard. Both motion estimation strategies are purely image-based and accurately estimate the displacements of the coronary arteries due to respiration. While current evidence suggests the superior performance of AFM, future work will further investigate the use of ECC in the context of angiography as they solely rely on geometric calibration and projection-domain images.

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Unberath, M., Taubmann, O., Aichert, A., Achenbach, S., & Maier, A. (2018). Prior-Free Respiratory Motion Estimation in Rotational Angiography. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, 37(9), 1999-2009.


Unberath, Mathias, et al. "Prior-Free Respiratory Motion Estimation in Rotational Angiography." IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging 37.9 (2018): 1999-2009.

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