Plane-strain bulge testing of thin films under compressive residual stresses

Ghanem M, Göken M, Merle B (2017)

Publication Status: Published

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2017



Book Volume: 327

Pages Range: 167-173

DOI: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2017.08.004


The Bulge Test is a well-established method for the mechanical testing of freestanding thin films but is generally restricted to the investigation of membranes exhibiting tensile residual stresses. A new procedure based on successively evacuating and pressurizing the membrane from one side is suggested which provides a better estimation of the membrane initial height and extends testing possibilities to compressively stressed or buckled membranes. The robustness of the method is demonstrated by measurements on several material systems, SiO2 and Cu/Nb sputter-deposited onto a thin SiNX substrate. Measurements of the plane-strain modulus of the membranes show good agreement with literature and results of the residual stress levels were reasonable and coincide with the buckled state of the membranes. Moreover, Cu/Nb multilayer membranes show a consistent decrease in the compressive stress level with increasing layer thickness. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Ghanem, M., Göken, M., & Merle, B. (2017). Plane-strain bulge testing of thin films under compressive residual stresses. Surface & Coatings Technology, 327, 167-173.


Ghanem, Maher, Mathias Göken, and Benoit Merle. "Plane-strain bulge testing of thin films under compressive residual stresses." Surface & Coatings Technology 327 (2017): 167-173.

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