Multistatic GNSS Receiver Array for Passive Air Surveillance

Wachtl S, Koch V, Westphal R, Schmidt LP (2016)

Publication Language: English

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2016


Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

Book Volume: 70

Journal Issue: 3-4

DOI: 10.1515/freq-2015-0135


The performance of a passive air surveillance sensor based on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) is mainly limited by the receiver noise efficiency, the achievable signal processing gain and the radar cross section (RCS) of an airplane. For surveillance applications large detection ranges as well as a high probability of detection are crucial parameters. Due to the very low GNSS signal powers received on the earth’s surface, high radar cross sections are mandatory to achieve detection ranges for airplanes at some kilometers distance. This paper will discuss a multistatic transmitter and receiver arrangement, which is indispensable to get a reasonable detection rate with respect to a hemispheric field of view. The strong performance dependency of such a sensor on the number of transmitters and receivers will be shown by means of some exemplary simulation results.

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Wachtl, S., Koch, V., Westphal, R., & Schmidt, L.-P. (2016). Multistatic GNSS Receiver Array for Passive Air Surveillance. Frequenz, 70(3-4).


Wachtl, Stefan, et al. "Multistatic GNSS Receiver Array for Passive Air Surveillance." Frequenz 70.3-4 (2016).

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