The Impact of Electric Vehicles on the German Energy System

Pruckner M, German R (2016)

Publication Language: English

Publication Type: Conference contribution, Conference Contribution

Publication year: 2016

Conference Proceedings Title: Proceedings of the 48th Annual Simulation Symposium

Event location: Pasadena, CA US


The bold aim of Germany’s “National Electromobility Devel-
opment Plan” is to have one million electric vehicles on the
road by 2020 and up to six millions by 2030. The idea be-
hind the electrification of the transport sector is the reduction
of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) emissions. However, the electric-
ity consumed by electric vehicles have to be generated by re-
newable energy sources or if they are not available by conven-
tionalpowerplants. Hence, ahighnumberofelectricvehicles
means a paradigm shift for the transport and energy sector.
The electrification of road transport has an impact on the en-
ergy system with regard to the electricity generation and CO 2
emissions. In this paper, we show a first approach how the use
of different types (battery, plug-in hybrid, fuel cell) of electric
vehicles can be modeled and integrated in a simulation model
for the German energy system. Moreover, we discuss the im-
pact of electric vehicles on the energy system of Germany.
Our results show that electric vehicles provide high poten-
tial for the reduction of CO2 emissions in the transport sector
compared to vehicles with combustion engines, but they also
cause additional CO2 emissions in the energy sector.

Authors with CRIS profile

How to cite


Pruckner, M., & German, R. (2016). The Impact of Electric Vehicles on the German Energy System. In Proceedings of the 48th Annual Simulation Symposium. Pasadena, CA, US.


Pruckner, Marco, and Reinhard German. "The Impact of Electric Vehicles on the German Energy System." Proceedings of the Annual Simulation Symposium 2016, Pasadena, CA 2016.

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