Ultrasonic and Impulse Welding of Polylactic Acid Films

Vogel J, Grewell D, Kessler MR, Drummer D, Menacher M (2011)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2011


Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

Book Volume: 51

Pages Range: 1059-1057

Journal Issue: 6

DOI: 10.1002/pen.21919


The weldability of polylactic acid (PLA) is examined in this article. Biaxially oriented PLA films of various thicknesses were joined with impulse and ultrasonic welding techniques. Relatively high weld strengths were achieved with impulse welding over a wide range of welding parameters. Ultrasonic welding produced high weld strengths with relatively short cycle times. In detail, ultrasonic welded samples had a weld factor (weld strength/base material strength) of 1 at cycle times of 0.25 sec. The weld factor was significantly lower at shorter weld times and weld times above 0.35 sec. In contrast, 100-μm thick samples joined by impulse welding for 2-3 sec had a weld factor of 1 and a standard deviation of only ±5%. The peak temperature during the impulse welding was measured to determine the fusion temperatures of the films. Mechanical, thermal, and optical analysis was used to examine the properties of the PLA at various welding and annealing conditions. POLYM. ENG. SCI., 2011. © 2011 Society of Plastics Engineers.

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Vogel, J., Grewell, D., Kessler, M.R., Drummer, D., & Menacher, M. (2011). Ultrasonic and Impulse Welding of Polylactic Acid Films. Polymer Engineering and Science, 51(6), 1059-1057. https://doi.org/10.1002/pen.21919


Vogel, Julius, et al. "Ultrasonic and Impulse Welding of Polylactic Acid Films." Polymer Engineering and Science 51.6 (2011): 1059-1057.

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