On the interdisciplinary S3 guidelines for the treatment of chronic idiopathic tinnitus

Zenner HP, Delb W, Kroener-Herwig B, Jaeger B, Peroz I, Hesse G, Mazurek B, Goebel G, Gerloff C, Trollmann R, Biesinger E, Seidler H, Langguth B (2015)

Publication Type: Journal article

Publication year: 2015


Book Volume: 63

Pages Range: 419-27

Journal Issue: 6

DOI: 10.1007/s00106-015-0011-z


Tinnitus is a frequent symptom, which, particularly in combination with comorbidities, can result in a severe disease-related burden. Chronic idiopathic tinnitus (CIT) is the most frequent type of tinnitus. A considerable number of treatment strategies are used to treat CIT-for many of which there is no evidence of efficacy. In order to enable scientific evidence-based treatment of CIT, German interdisciplinary S3 guidelines have recently been constructed for the first time. Here we present a short form of these S3 guidelines.The guidelines were constructed based on a meta-analysis of the treatment of chronic tinnitus performed by the authors. Additionally, a systematic literature search was performed in the PubMed and Cochrane Library databases. Furthermore, a systematic search for international guidelines was performed in Google, as well as in the Guidelines International Network and National Guideline Clearinghouse (USA) database. Evidence was classified according to the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine system.According to the guidelines, alongside counselling, manualized structured tinnitus-specific cognitive behavioral therapy (tCBT) with a validated treatment manual is available as evidence-based therapy. In addition, the guidelines recommend concurrent treatment of comorbidities, including drug-based treatment, where appropriate. Particularly important is treatment of anxiety and depression. Where a psychic or psychiatric comorbidity is suspected, further diagnosis and treatment should be performed by an appropriately qualified specialist (psychiatrist, neurologist, psychosomatic medicine consultant) or psychological psychotherapist. In cases accompanied by deafness or hearing loss bordering on deafness, cochlear implants may be indicated.No recommendations can be made for drug-based treatment of CIT, audiotherapy, transcranial magnetic or electrical stimulation, specific forms of acoustic stimulation or music therapy; or such recommendations must remain open due to the lack of available evidence. Polypragmatic tinnitus treatment with therapeutic strategies for which there is no evidence of efficacy from controlled studies is to be refused.

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Zenner, H.-P., Delb, W., Kroener-Herwig, B., Jaeger, B., Peroz, I., Hesse, G.,... Langguth, B. (2015). On the interdisciplinary S3 guidelines for the treatment of chronic idiopathic tinnitus. HNO, 63(6), 419-27. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00106-015-0011-z


Zenner, H. -P., et al. "On the interdisciplinary S3 guidelines for the treatment of chronic idiopathic tinnitus." HNO 63.6 (2015): 419-27.

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