Microstructure and mechanical properties of Cr-Ta-Si Laves phase-based alloys at elevated temperatures

Bhowmik A, Neumeier S, Barnard JS, Zenk C, Göken M, Rae CMF, Stone HJ (2014)

Publication Status: Published

Publication Type: Journal article, Original article

Publication year: 2014


Publisher: Taylor & Francis: STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Titles / Taylor & Francis

Book Volume: 94

Pages Range: 3914-3944

Journal Issue: 34

DOI: 10.1080/14786435.2014.971086


The microstructure and mechanical properties of a series of Cr-CrTa-based alloys with nominal compositions (90-x)Cr-9Ta-xSi, where x = 4, 6, 10 and 14 at%, have been investigated. The alloys predominantly consisted of a microstructure of primary C14 CrTa Laves phase dendrites and a eutectic intergrowth of an A2 Cr rich solid solution and the Laves phase. The Laves phase was seen to adopt the C14 polytype in all ternary alloys, with no evidence of transformation to the C15 polytype. Fine, solid-state precipitates of the Laves phase were also observed within the solid solution. At higher silicon contents, a third intermetallic phase, CrSi, with the A15 crystal structure, was also identified. The overall hardness of the alloys at room temperature increased with Si content and hence, the volume fraction of the Laves phase. Compression tests were conducted on samples of the alloys at 1000 and 1100 °C under a strain rate of 10 s in air. Amongst the ternary alloys, the alloy with 14 at% Si showed the highest yield strength of ~440 MPa at 1000°C and ∼290 MPa at 1100°C. The yield strength of the alloy with 6 at% Si was also found to reduce monotonically with increasing temperature from ambient to 1100°C. Transmission electron microscopy of the post-compression microstructures revealed that deformation was primarily accommodated by the A2 Cr-rich solid solution, with a high density of dislocations in the phase compared to that in the intermetallic phase. Within the C14 Laves phase, deformation was seen to be mediated by the movement of a/3-type synchro-Shockley partial dislocations, consistent with previous studies, bounding stacking faults on the basal plane.

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Bhowmik, A., Neumeier, S., Barnard, J.S., Zenk, C., Göken, M., Rae, C.M.F., & Stone, H.J. (2014). Microstructure and mechanical properties of Cr-Ta-Si Laves phase-based alloys at elevated temperatures. Philosophical Magazine, 94(34), 3914-3944. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14786435.2014.971086


Bhowmik, Ayan, et al. "Microstructure and mechanical properties of Cr-Ta-Si Laves phase-based alloys at elevated temperatures." Philosophical Magazine 94.34 (2014): 3914-3944.

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