Journal article


Isolation and partial characterization of the photoreceptive organelle for phototaxis of a flagellate green alga


Publication Details
Author(s): Kreimer G, Brohsonn U, Melkonian M
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 1991
Volume: 55
Journal issue: 2
Pages range: 318-327
ISSN: 0171-9335

Abstract

We report on the isolation and purification of structurally intact eyespot apparatuses from the naked, biflagellate green alga Spermatozopsis similis. Two eyespot-enriched fractions, separated by sucrose gradient centrifugation, retained the typical reflective properties of eyespots in situ as demonstrated by reflection confocal laser scanning microscopy. Ultrastructurally, both fractions contained eyespot plates consisting of a single layer of lipid globules. Structurally intact eyespot apparatuses, including patches of plasma membrane and chloroplast envelope overlying the eyespot plate and a single thylakoid subtending the eyespot plate, were particularly enriched in one of the two fractions (fraction 2a). Measurement of several marker enzymes and chlorophyll content (< 0.001% of total) established the absence of most other cell organelles from the eyespot fractions. The absorption spectra of the two fractions were dominated by carotenoids with an additional shoulder at 540 nm. Following extraction with organic solvents and sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, several proteins were found to be considerably enriched in the two fractions. In addition to several proteins in the high M(r) range, at least 4 polypeptides of 35, 29, 23, and 20 kDa are selectively enriched in fraction 2a with the 29 and 20 kDa proteins being the most prominent. The presence of glycoproteins in fraction 2a was demonstrated by binding of the mannose-specific lectin Galanthus nivalis agglutinin to several high molecular weight polypeptides. In addition, a hydrophobic component with abnormal electrophoretic mobility that reacts strongly with periodic acid-Schiff and thymol/sulfuric acid was prominent in both fractions. Mass isolation and purification of the intact phototactic apparatus of a flagellate green alga now greatly facilitates the biochemical and molecular characterization of the signal transduction chain involved in green algal phototaxis.



How to cite
APA: Kreimer, G., Brohsonn, U., & Melkonian, M. (1991). Isolation and partial characterization of the photoreceptive organelle for phototaxis of a flagellate green alga. European Journal of Cell Biology, 55(2), 318-327.

MLA: Kreimer, Georg, Uwe Brohsonn, and Michael Melkonian. "Isolation and partial characterization of the photoreceptive organelle for phototaxis of a flagellate green alga." European Journal of Cell Biology 55.2 (1991): 318-327.

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