Journal article


Effect of ultraviolet radiation on the thallus absorption and photosynthetic pigments in the red alga Porphyra umbilicalis.


Publication Details
Author(s): Aguilera J, Jiménez C, Figueroa FL, Lebert M, Häder DP
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 1999
Volume: 48
Pages range: 75 - 82
ISSN: 1011-1344

Abstract

The effect of ultraviolet (UV) radiation on thallus absorption, package effect, the concentration of photosynthetic pigments, photosynthetic oxygen production and effective quantum yield has been studied in the intertidal red macroalga Porphyra umbilicalis in the laboratory. High doses of UV-A and UV-B radiation result in a rapid decrease of thallus absorption and, after a 6 h exposure, total absorption is reduced to 25% of the initial value. Moreover, significant differences in the absorption peaks of the main pigments are found: while chlorophyll a (Chl a) and phycocyanin absorption peaks decrease by 65-67%, carotenoids and phycoerythrin (PE) peaks decrease by 75-82%. Uncoupling of the transfer of energy between PE and Chl a by UV is revealed by a gradual increase of fluorescence of PE up to 11 h of exposure, followed by a subsequent decrease of fluorescence of the PE, in parallel with the photobleaching of the pigments. Thalli with higher pigment concentration present a greater sensitivity to UV radiation, as revealed by a more pronounced decrease in total thallus absorption, oxygen production and effective quantum yield, and a less effective recovery under low irradiation. Exposure of the thalli to artificial UV radiation in an experimental chamber with spectra and doses more similar to those of the natural environment reveals that PAR + UV-A radiation promotes a gradual increase of the total absorption over 24 h; in contrast, PAR + UV-A + UV-B induces a significant decrease of the thallus absorption. However, the concentration in vitro of Chl a, carotenoids and biliproteins does not change in any of these light treatments. The spectrally averaged in a vivo absorption cross section normalized to Chl a (a*) increases after 24 h in PAR + UV-A, but it does not change in PAR and PAR + UV-A + UV-B, indicating that the degree of packing of the pigments in the membranes of the thylakoids (package effect) is decreased by PAR + UV-A, but that the reverse is induced by PAR + UV-A+ UV-B. It is proposed that UV-A radiation induces an enhancement of the efficiency of light capture mediated by a relaxation of pigment packing in the light-harvesting antennae of this intertidal macroalga, while the reverse is promoted by UV-B radiation.



How to cite
APA: Aguilera, J., Jiménez, C., Figueroa, F.L., Lebert, M., & Häder, D.-P. (1999). Effect of ultraviolet radiation on the thallus absorption and photosynthetic pigments in the red alga Porphyra umbilicalis. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B-Biology, 48, 75 - 82. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1011-1344(99)00015-9

MLA: Aguilera, José, et al. "Effect of ultraviolet radiation on the thallus absorption and photosynthetic pigments in the red alga Porphyra umbilicalis." Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B-Biology 48 (1999): 75 - 82.

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