Journal article
(Original article)

Paralinguistics in speech and language - State-of-the-art and the challenge

Publication Details
Author(s): Schuller B, Steidl S, Batliner A, Burkhardt F, Devillers L, Müller C, Narayanan S
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2013
Volume: 27
Journal issue: 1
Pages range: 4-39
ISSN: 0885-2308
Language: English


Paralinguistic analysis is increasingly turning into a mainstream topic in speech and language processing. This article aims to provide a broad overview of the constantly growing field by defining the field, introducing typical applications, presenting exemplary resources, and sharing a unified view of the chain of processing. It then presents the first broader Paralinguistic Challenge organised at INTERSPEECH 2010 by the authors including a historical overview of the Challenge tasks of recognising age, gender, and affect, a summary of methods used by the participants, and their results. In addition, we present the new benchmark obtained by fusion of participants’ predictions and conclude by discussing ten recent and emerging trends in the analysis of paralinguistics in speech and language.

How to cite
APA: Schuller, B., Steidl, S., Batliner, A., Burkhardt, F., Devillers, L., Müller, C., & Narayanan, S. (2013). Paralinguistics in speech and language - State-of-the-art and the challenge. Computer Speech and Language, 27(1), 4-39.

MLA: Schuller, Björn, et al. "Paralinguistics in speech and language - State-of-the-art and the challenge." Computer Speech and Language 27.1 (2013): 4-39.

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