Journal article
(Original article)


Hypoallergenic profilin - A new way to identify allergenic determinants


Publication Details
Author(s): Paulus K, Schmid B, Zajic D, Schaefer A, Mahler V, Sonnewald U
Journal: Febs Journal
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Publication year: 2012
Volume: 279
Journal issue: 15
Pages range: 2727-2736
ISSN: 1742-464X

Abstract

Plant profilins are important panallergens, contributing to numerous food and pollen allergies. They fulfil essential functions in all eukaryotic cells, including yeast and mammals, making breeding of profilin-deficient crop plants an impossible task. To obtain hypoallergenic profilin-variants, a novel yeast based screening system to select for fully active but hypoallergenic profilins was developed. Despite similar biological functions, plant profilins share only limited amino acid sequence identity to nonplant profilins. Thus, it should be possible to select for hypoallergenic profilin variants that have kept their biological function. These variants were subsequently tested for IgE-binding and their 3D folding was analyzed. As prerequisites, we developed a conditional profilin-deficient yeast mutant strain and made use of a newly-discovered profilin variant from tomato that enabled pre-selection for efficient mutagenesis. After random mutagenesis and transformation of tomato profilin (Lyc e 1) into the designed yeast strain, we were able to screen for functional tomato profilin variants. Testing these variants for IgE binding revealed that two variants showed a strong reduction in IgE binding of four Lyc e 1 sensitized patients and one birch pollen allergic patient. This result, for the first time, provides strong evidence that selection of hypoallergenic Lyc e 1 variants is possible. Furthermore, this knowledge provides the basis for the molecular breeding of hypoallergenic profilin alleles in tomato. Plant profilins are important panallergens. They fulfil essential functions in all eukaryotic cells, making breeding of profilin-deficient crop plants an impossible task. To obtain hypoallergenic profilin-variants, a novel yeast-based screening system was developed. Testing profilin-variants for IgE binding revealed two variants with reduced IgE binding to sera from four Lyc e 1 sensitized patients and one birch pollen allergic patient. © 2012 The Authors Journal compilation © 2012 FEBS.



How to cite
APA: Paulus, K., Schmid, B., Zajic, D., Schaefer, A., Mahler, V., & Sonnewald, U. (2012). Hypoallergenic profilin - A new way to identify allergenic determinants. Febs Journal, 279(15), 2727-2736. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-4658.2012.08656.x

MLA: Paulus, Kathrin, et al. "Hypoallergenic profilin - A new way to identify allergenic determinants." Febs Journal 279.15 (2012): 2727-2736.

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