Journal article

Complete three photon Hong-Ou-Mandel interference at a three port device

Publication Details
Author(s): Mährlein S, von Zanthier J, Agarwal GS
Publisher: Optical Society of America
Publication year: 2015
Volume: 23
Journal issue: 12
Pages range: 15833-15847
ISSN: 1094-4087


We report the possibility of completely destructive interference of three indistinguishable photons on a three port device providing a generalisation of the well known Hong-Ou-Mandel interference of two indistinguishable photons on a two port device. Our analysis is based on the underlying mathematical framework of SU(3) transformations rather than SU(2) transformations. We show the completely destructive three photon interference for a large range of parameters of the three port device and point out the physical origin of such interference in terms of the contributions from different quantum paths. As each output port can deliver zero to three photons the device generates higher dimensional entanglement. In particular, different forms of entangled states of qudits can be generated depending on the device parameters. Our system is different from a symmetric three port beam splitter which does not exhibit a three photon Hong-Ou-Mandel interference. (C) 2015 Optical Society of America

How to cite
APA: Mährlein, S., von Zanthier, J., & Agarwal, G.S. (2015). Complete three photon Hong-Ou-Mandel interference at a three port device. Optics Express, 23(12), 15833-15847.

MLA: Mährlein, Simon, Joachim von Zanthier, and Girish S. Agarwal. "Complete three photon Hong-Ou-Mandel interference at a three port device." Optics Express 23.12 (2015): 15833-15847.

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