The Impact of Electric Vehicles on the German Energy System
Author(s): Pruckner M, German R
Publication year: 2016
Conference Proceedings Title: Proceedings of the 48th Annual Simulation Symposium
Event: Annual Simulation Symposium 2016
Event location: Pasadena, CA
Start date of the event: 03/04/2016
End date of the event: 06/04/2016
The bold aim of Germany’s “National Electromobility Devel-
opment Plan” is to have one million electric vehicles on the
road by 2020 and up to six millions by 2030. The idea be-
hind the electrification of the transport sector is the reduction
of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) emissions. However, the electric-
ity consumed by electric vehicles have to be generated by re-
newable energy sources or if they are not available by conven-
tionalpowerplants. Hence, ahighnumberofelectricvehicles
means a paradigm shift for the transport and energy sector.
The electrification of road transport has an impact on the en-
ergy system with regard to the electricity generation and CO 2
emissions. In this paper, we show a first approach how the use
of different types (battery, plug-in hybrid, fuel cell) of electric
vehicles can be modeled and integrated in a simulation model
for the German energy system. Moreover, we discuss the im-
pact of electric vehicles on the energy system of Germany.
Our results show that electric vehicles provide high poten-
tial for the reduction of CO2 emissions in the transport sector
compared to vehicles with combustion engines, but they also
cause additional CO2 emissions in the energy sector.
FAU Authors / FAU Editors How to cite
APA: Pruckner, M., & German, R. (2016). The Impact of Electric Vehicles on the German Energy System. In Proceedings of the 48th Annual Simulation Symposium.
MLA: Pruckner, Marco, and Reinhard German. "The Impact of Electric Vehicles on the German Energy System." Proceedings of the Annual Simulation Symposium 2016, Pasadena, CA 2016.