Characterization Methods for the Detection of Multiple Voice Disorders: Neurological, Functional, and Laryngeal Diseases
Author(s): Rafael Orozco-Arroyave J, Alexander Belalcazar-Bolanos E, David Arias-Londono J, Francisco Vargas-Bonilla J, Skodda S, Rusz J, Daqrouq K, Hönig F, Nöth E
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Publication year: 2015
Journal issue: 6
Pages range: 1820-1828
This paper evaluates the accuracy of different characterization methods for the automatic detection of multiple speech disorders. The speech impairments considered include dysphonia in people with Parkinson's disease (PD), dysphonia diagnosed in patients with different laryngeal pathologies (LP), and hypernasality in children with cleft lip and palate (CLP). Four different methods are applied to analyze the voice signals including noise content measures, spectral-cepstralmodeling, nonlinear features, and measurements to quantify the stability of the fundamental frequency. These measures are tested in six databases: three with recordings of PD patients, two with patients with LP, and one with children with CLP. The abnormal vibration of the vocal folds observed in PD patients and in people with LP is modeled using the stability measures with accuracies ranging from 81% to 99% depending on the pathology. The spectral-cepstral features are used in this paper to model the voice spectrum with special emphasis around the first two formants. These measures exhibit accuracies ranging from 95% to 99% in the automatic detection of hypernasal voices, which confirms the presence of changes in the speech spectrum due to hypernasality. Noise measures suitably discriminate between dysphonic and healthy voices in both databases with speakers suffering from LP. The results obtained in this study suggest that it is not suitable to use every kind of features to model all of the voice pathologies; conversely, it is necessary to study the physiology of each impairment to choose the most appropriate set of features.
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APA: Rafael Orozco-Arroyave, J., Alexander Belalcazar-Bolanos, E., David Arias-Londono, J., Francisco Vargas-Bonilla, J., Skodda, S., Rusz, J.,... Nöth, E. (2015). Characterization Methods for the Detection of Multiple Voice Disorders: Neurological, Functional, and Laryngeal Diseases. IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics, 19(6), 1820-1828. https://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JBHI.2015.2467375
MLA: Rafael Orozco-Arroyave, Juan, et al. "Characterization Methods for the Detection of Multiple Voice Disorders: Neurological, Functional, and Laryngeal Diseases." IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics 19.6 (2015): 1820-1828.