Journal article


ETA(3) AND ETA(6) BRIDGING CATIONS IN THE N,N,N',N'',N''-PENTAMETHYLDIETHYLENETRIAMINE-SOLVATED COMPLEXES OF BENZYLPOTASSIUM AND BENZYLRUBIDIUM - AN X-RAY, NMR, AND MO STUDY


Publication Details
Author(s): Hoffmann D, Bauer W, Hampel F, van Eikema Hommes N, Schleyer P, Otto P, Pieper U, Stalke D, Wright D, Snaith R
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Publication year: 1994
Volume: 116
Journal issue: 2
Pages range: 528-536
ISSN: 0002-7863

Abstract

The metalation of toluene (PhCH3) with a 1:1 mixture of n-BuLi/MO(t)Bu (M = K,Rb) at ambient temperature affords orange-red powders of benzylpotassium or benzylrubidium. On addition of N,N,N,N'',N''-pentamethyldiethylenetriamine (PMDTA) the precipitates dissolve to give burgundy-red solutions, from which needles of [PhCH2K.PMDTA.0.5PhCH3]n (1) or [PhCH2Rb.PMDTA]n (2) are obtained. X-ray analysis reveals that 1 incorporates half a molecule of toluene per asymmetric unit. In both 1 and 2, the eta3 and eta6 interaction of one M+ cation with two benzyl fragments gives rise to the formation of polymeric chains. The coordination sphere of the cations is completed by one chelating triamine ligand. MO calculations predict multihapto metal carbon interactions to become more important from Li to Cs and substantiate the solid-state results. Ab initio calculations on three different polymers suggest that the array present in the crystal structure is the most stable. The gated decoupled C-13 NMR spectrum of 1 in THF-d8 solution reveals a 1J(C-13,H-1) coupling constant for the benzylic carbon atom which may be interpreted in terms of a mainly planar configuration of the CH2- group in solution.



How to cite
APA: Hoffmann, D., Bauer, W., Hampel, F., van Eikema Hommes, N., Schleyer, P., Otto, P.,... Snaith, R. (1994). ETA(3) AND ETA(6) BRIDGING CATIONS IN THE N,N,N',N'',N''-PENTAMETHYLDIETHYLENETRIAMINE-SOLVATED COMPLEXES OF BENZYLPOTASSIUM AND BENZYLRUBIDIUM - AN X-RAY, NMR, AND MO STUDY. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 116(2), 528-536. https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja00081a013

MLA: Hoffmann, Daniele, et al. "ETA(3) AND ETA(6) BRIDGING CATIONS IN THE N,N,N',N'',N''-PENTAMETHYLDIETHYLENETRIAMINE-SOLVATED COMPLEXES OF BENZYLPOTASSIUM AND BENZYLRUBIDIUM - AN X-RAY, NMR, AND MO STUDY." Journal of the American Chemical Society 116.2 (1994): 528-536.

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