Journal article

Stress, temperature and electric field effects in the lead-free (Ba,Ca)(Ti,Zr)O-3 piezoelectric system

Publication Details
Author(s): Ehmke MC, Schader FH, Webber K, Roedel J, Blendell JE, Bowman KJ
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2014
Volume: 78
Pages range: 37-45
ISSN: 1359-6454


The large signal strain response as a function of uniaxial compressive stress, electric field and temperature is investigated for compositions across the morphotropic phase boundary in the (Ba,Ca)(Ti,Zr)O-3 ferroelectric system. The largest piezoelectric coefficient in terms of unipolar strain divided by the maximum applied field, S-u/E-max, is 1540 pm V-1, which clearly exceeds the piezoelectric response of most lead zirconate titanate materials. The extraordinarily large piezoelectric properties occur in the vicinity of the morphotropic phase boundary region on the rhombohedral side of the phase diagram. In this material, an electric threshold field is observed that is required to overcome the stress-induced domain clamping and obtain a measurable strain response. Moreover, the study reveals that careful selection of composition, stress and field amplitude allow for large signal piezoelectric coefficients of over 740 pm V-1 in the temperature range of 25-75 degrees C. The extraordinarily large unipolar strain response can be assigned to an electric field-controlled regime, in which the unipolar compressive stress induces non-180 degrees domain switching perpendicular to the applied electric field. During electrical loading, the electric field can realign these domains back into the parallel direction, maximizing non-180 degrees domain switching and enhancing unipolar strain. (C) 2014 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

How to cite
APA: Ehmke, M.C., Schader, F.H., Webber, K., Roedel, J., Blendell, J.E., & Bowman, K.J. (2014). Stress, temperature and electric field effects in the lead-free (Ba,Ca)(Ti,Zr)O-3 piezoelectric system. Acta Materialia, 78, 37-45.

MLA: Ehmke, Matthias C., et al. "Stress, temperature and electric field effects in the lead-free (Ba,Ca)(Ti,Zr)O-3 piezoelectric system." Acta Materialia 78 (2014): 37-45.

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