Article in Edited Volumes
(Book chapter)


How gender influences objective career success and subjective career satisfaction: The impact of self-concept and of parenthood.


Publication Details
Author(s): Abele A
Editor(s): Schoon, Ingrid; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.
Title edited volumes: Gender differences in aspirations and attainment. A life course perspective.
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publishing place: Cambridge
Publication year: 2014
Pages range: 412-426
ISBN: 978-0-107-02172-3
Language: English

Abstract

Despite excellent educational backgrounds women are still less successful in their occupational careers than men. The present research tests hypotheses derived from a dual-impact model of gender- and career-related processes in a longitudinal study with 1,015 German professionals over a time span of 10 years. In line with predictions, parenthood had a negative influence on women's objective career success that was completely due to a reduced workload and career discontinuities during their children's early childhood. In contrast, parenthood had a slightly positive effect on men's objective career success that was independent of workload. Moreover, the participants' self-concept had an influence both on parenthood (participants with a more "communal" self-concept, e.g., warmth and empathy, were more often parents) and on career success (participants with a more "agentic" self-concept, e.g., assertiveness and independence, were more successful). Both men's and women's career satisfaction could be predicted by their degree of agency and by workload. Parents were more satisfied with their careers than non-parents, and this effect was stronger for women than for men. Implications of these findings with respect to the dual-impact model of gender and with respect to applied issues are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved)



How to cite
APA: Abele, A. (2014). How gender influences objective career success and subjective career satisfaction: The impact of self-concept and of parenthood. In Schoon, Ingrid; Eccles, Jacquelynne S. (Eds.), Gender differences in aspirations and attainment. A life course perspective. (pp. 412-426). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

MLA: Abele, A.E.. "How gender influences objective career success and subjective career satisfaction: The impact of self-concept and of parenthood." Gender differences in aspirations and attainment. A life course perspective. Ed. Schoon, Ingrid; Eccles, Jacquelynne S., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014. 412-426.

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