Journal article

Founding Intentions: A Gender Perspective

Publication Details
Author(s): Scheiner C, Laspita S, Brem A, Chlosta S, Voigt KI
Publication year: 2008
Volume: 4
Journal issue: 4
Pages range: 15-35
ISSN: 1177-4541
eISSN: 1176-8592
Language: English


In contradiction to previous research, which concentrates almost exclusively on
entrepreneurs during their professional activity, this study concentrates on an earlier
point in time and that is before the working life begins. Therefore, the micro-social
environment (family background) and specifi c cognitions (fostering and hindering
perceptions) towards self-employment, that infl uence the professional choice, are
Refereed Edition
Print ISSN: 1177-4541 On-Line ISSN: 1176-8592
Page 16 – Refereed Edition
Vol IV, Issue 4, December 2008, Conference Issue „Entrepreneurship Education“
© 2004-2008
examined in this study. Attention is also given to gender similarities or differences
and to catching a glimpse of entrepreneurial related variables as they occur over
time. To examine those aspects two surveys were conducted between winter term
2006/2007 and winter term 2007/2008 at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg in
Germany. Only small differences could be found between the two genders in motives
for becoming self-employed The results indicate that women perceive hindering
factors more problematic than their male counterparts. However, only within the
perception of hindering factors especially the cohort analysis shows that the two
genders differ in many aspects. Within the regression analysis the factor “risk of
failure” is a stable and dominant hurdle throughout the years for men and women
equally.We could also show that the self-employment of the parents does have an
infl uence on the founding intention of the children.

How to cite
APA: Scheiner, C., Laspita, S., Brem, A., Chlosta, S., & Voigt, K.-I. (2008). Founding Intentions: A Gender Perspective. Journal of Asia Entrepreneurship and Sustainability, 4(4), 15-35.

MLA: Scheiner, Christian, et al. "Founding Intentions: A Gender Perspective." Journal of Asia Entrepreneurship and Sustainability 4.4 (2008): 15-35.

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