Journal article


Hyperelastic models for rubber-like materials: Consistent tangent operators and suitability for Treloar's data


Publication Details
Author(s): Steinmann P, Mokarram H, Possart G
Publisher: Springer Verlag (Germany)
Publication year: 2012
Volume: 82
Journal issue: 9
Pages range: 1183-1217
ISSN: 0939-1533
Language: English

Abstract

Rubber-like materials consist of chain-like macromolecules that are more or less closely connected to each other via entanglements or cross-links. As an idealisation, this particular structure can be described as a completely random three-dimensional network. To capture the elastic and nearly incompressible mechanical behaviour of this material class, numerous phenomenological and micro-mechanically motivated models have been proposed in the literature. This contribution reviews fourteen selected representatives of these models, derives analytical stress-stretch relations for certain homogeneous deformation modes and summarises the details required for stress tensors and consistent tangent operators. The latter, although prevalently missing in the literature, are indispensable ingredients in utilising any kind of constitutive model for the numerical solution of boundary value problems by iterative approaches like the Newton-Raphson scheme. Furthermore, performance and validity of the models with regard to the classical experimental data on vulcanised rubber published by Treloar (Trans Faraday Soc 40:59-70, 1944) are evaluated. These data are here considered as a prototype or worst-case scenario of highly nonlinear elastic behaviour, although inelastic characteristics are clearly observable but have been tacitly ignored by many other authors. © Springer-Verlag 2012.



How to cite
APA: Steinmann, P., Mokarram, H., & Possart, G. (2012). Hyperelastic models for rubber-like materials: Consistent tangent operators and suitability for Treloar's data. Archive of Applied Mechanics, 82(9), 1183-1217. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00419-012-0610-z

MLA: Steinmann, Paul, Hossain Mokarram, and Gunnar Possart. "Hyperelastic models for rubber-like materials: Consistent tangent operators and suitability for Treloar's data." Archive of Applied Mechanics 82.9 (2012): 1183-1217.

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