Geochemical and geochronological evidence for a former early Neoproterozoic microcontinent in the South Beishan Orogenic Belt, southernmost Central Asian Orogenic Belt

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Yuan Y, Zong K, He Z, Klemd R, Liu Y, Hu Z, Guo J, Zhang Z
Journal: Precambrian Research
Publication year: 2015
Volume: 266
Pages range: 409-424
ISSN: 0301-9268
Language: English


Abstract

The South Beishan Orogenic Belt (SBOB) in the southwestern Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB) is thought to be an eastern extension of the Eastern Tianshan Orogen. Up to now, it has been suggested to consist of a well-preserved Paleozoic magmatic and sedimentary sequence with a possible former Neoproterozoic microcontinent. We provide new geochemical and geochronological data for gneissic granites of the SBOB in order to constrain its tectonic evolution and setting. The gneissic granitoids belong to the high-K, calc-alkaline series and are characterized by an enrichment of light rare earth elements (LREE) and large ion lithophile elements (LILE), a depletion of Nb, Ta, Ti, Sr, and Ba and a positive Pb anomaly. The petrography and geochemical signatures reveal a possible I-type granite affinity and are in accordance with typical Andean Arc granites. Zircon grains, yielding 206Pb/238U magmatic crystallization ages of 933 ± 2 Ma and 900–890 Ma for the Shibanshan and Huaniushan arc granites, respectively, manifest the former presence of an early Neoproterozoic Precambrian microcontinent in the SBOB. Zircon ɛHf(t) values range from −16.1 to 10.2, indicating that juvenile material and reworked ancient crust were involved in the source of the gneissic granites. Furthermore, in conjunction with studies of the adjacent regions, the results of the present study suggest that the former Precambrian microcontinent in the SBOB neither belonged to the nearby Dunhuang Block nor the Tarim Craton, but has a common affinity with the Central Tianshan Arc Terrane. It is also suggested that the 900–890 Ma plutons originated from the mixing of juvenile material with older crust in an Andean-type active continental arc setting during the assembly of Rodinia. Thus the SBOB plays a key role in understanding the tectonic evolution of the CAOB.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Klemd, Reiner Prof. Dr.
Professur für Geochemie und Lagerstättenkunde


External institutions with authors

China University of Geosciences / 中国地质大学
Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences (CAGS) / 中国地质科学院


How to cite

APA:
Yuan, Y., Zong, K., He, Z., Klemd, R., Liu, Y., Hu, Z.,... Zhang, Z. (2015). Geochemical and geochronological evidence for a former early Neoproterozoic microcontinent in the South Beishan Orogenic Belt, southernmost Central Asian Orogenic Belt. Precambrian Research, 266, 409-424. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.precamres.2015.05.034

MLA:
Yuan, Yu, et al. "Geochemical and geochronological evidence for a former early Neoproterozoic microcontinent in the South Beishan Orogenic Belt, southernmost Central Asian Orogenic Belt." Precambrian Research 266 (2015): 409-424.

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Last updated on 2019-10-06 at 11:10