Hierarchical-Porous Ceramic Foams by a Combination of Replica and Freeze Technique

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Schelm K, Fey T, Dammler K, Betke U, Scheffler M
Journal: Advanced Engineering Materials
Publication year: 2019
ISSN: 1438-1656


Abstract


Open-porous alumina foams with additional strut porosity are fabricated by a two-step sponge-replication based manufacturing process. As the first step, open cellular ceramic foams are prepared following the Schwarzwalder sponge replication technique. Therefore, organic foam templates are coated with different aqueous alumina slurries with a solid load between 20 and 40 vol% In a second step, an additional porosity is generated inside the foam struts by freezing of the foams at temperatures between −196 and −20 °C and subsequent sublimation drying. The hierarchical structure of both, cell pores and strut pores in the freeze-dried material remains intact after drying, template removal, and sintering. Size, connectivity, and morphology of the strut pores strongly depend on the solid load of the alumina slurry and on the freezing temperature. Cellular structures with a strut porosity between 50% and 60% and a total porosity exceeding 90% are prepared, which show a compressive strength in between 0.4 to 0.6 MPa. Due to the additional strut porosity, the specific surface area of freeze-dried replica foams increases from 70 cm
2
g
−1
for conventionally prepared foams to 200 cm
2
g
−1
for freeze-dried foams, respectively.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

Fey, Tobias Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Werkstoffwissenschaften (Glas und Keramik)


External institutions with authors

Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg


How to cite

APA:
Schelm, K., Fey, T., Dammler, K., Betke, U., & Scheffler, M. (2019). Hierarchical-Porous Ceramic Foams by a Combination of Replica and Freeze Technique. Advanced Engineering Materials. https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adem.201801362

MLA:
Schelm, Katja, et al. "Hierarchical-Porous Ceramic Foams by a Combination of Replica and Freeze Technique." Advanced Engineering Materials (2019).

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-04-06 at 19:08

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