Late Cretaceous tectonothermal evolution of the southern Lhasa terrane, South Tibet: Consequence of a Mesozoic Andean-type orogeny

Journal article


Publication Details

Author(s): Dong X, Zhang Z, Klemd R, He Z, Tian Z
Journal: Tectonophysics
Publication year: 2018
Volume: 730
Pages range: 100-113
ISSN: 0040-1951
Language: English


Abstract

The Lhasa terrane of the southern Tibetan Plateau participated in a MesozoicAndean-type orogeny caused by the northward subduction of the Neo-Tethyan oceanic lithosphere. However, metamorphic rocks, which can unravel details of the geodynamic evolution, are rare and only exposed in the south-eastern part of the Lhasa terrane. Therefore, we conducted a detailed petrological, geochemical and U–Pb zircon geochronological study of the late Cretaceousmetamorphic rocks and associated gabbros from the Nyemo inlier of the southern Lhasa terrane. The Nyemo metamorphic rocks including gneisses, schists, marbles and calc-silicate rocks, experienced peak amphibolite-faciescontact metamorphism under P–T conditions of 3.5–4.0 kbar and 642–657 °C with a very high geothermal gradient of 45–50 °C/km, revealing a distinct deflection from the steady-state geotherm during low-pressure metamorphism. Inherited magmatic zircon cores from the metamorphic rocks yielded protolithages of 197–194 Ma, while overgrowth zircon rims yielded metamorphic ages of ca. 86 Ma. Whole-rock chemistry and zircon Hf isotopes suggest that the protoliths of the gneisses and schists are andesites and tuffs of the early JurassicSangri Group, which were derived from a depleted mantle source of a continental arc affinity. The coeval intimately-associated gabbro (ca. 86 Ma) crystallized under P–T conditions of 3.5–5.3 kbar and 914–970 °C, supplying the heat flux high enough to cause the contact metamorphism of the Sangri Group rock types. We propose that the intrusion of the gabbro and a simultaneous pressure increase of up to 4.0 kbar, which is related to crustal thickening due to crustal overthrusting and the intrusion of mafic material, resulted in the late Cretaceous metamorphism of the early Jurassic Sangri Group during an Andean-type orogeny. Furthermore the Nyemo metamorphic rocks, which have previously been considered to represent slivers of the Precambrianmetamorphic basement of the Lhasa terrane, are late Cretaceous metamorphic supracrustal rocks.


FAU Authors / FAU Editors

He, Zhenyu Dr.
Geozentrum Nordbayern
Klemd, Reiner Prof. Dr.
Professur für Geochemie und Lagerstättenkunde


External institutions with authors

Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences (CAGS) / 中国地质科学院


How to cite

APA:
Dong, X., Zhang, Z., Klemd, R., He, Z., & Tian, Z. (2018). Late Cretaceous tectonothermal evolution of the southern Lhasa terrane, South Tibet: Consequence of a Mesozoic Andean-type orogeny. Tectonophysics, 730, 100-113. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2018.03.001

MLA:
Dong, Xin, et al. "Late Cretaceous tectonothermal evolution of the southern Lhasa terrane, South Tibet: Consequence of a Mesozoic Andean-type orogeny." Tectonophysics 730 (2018): 100-113.

BibTeX: 

Last updated on 2019-20-05 at 20:23