High selectivity of TiC-CDC for CO2/N2 separation

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Silvestre-Albero A, Rico-Frances S, Rodriguez-Reinoso F, Kern A, Klumpp M, Etzold B, Silvestre-Albero J
Zeitschrift: Carbon
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2013
Band: 59
Seitenbereich: 221-228
ISSN: 0008-6223


Abstract

A series of carbide-derived carbons (CDC) have been prepared starting from TiC and using different chlorine treatment temperatures (500--1200~°C). Contrary to N2 adsorption measurements at $-$196~°C, CO2 adsorption measurements at room temperature and high pressure (up to 1~MPa) together with immersion calorimetry measurements into dichloromethane suggest that the synthesized CDC exhibit a similar porous structure, in terms of narrow pore volume, independently of the temperature of the reactive extraction treatment used (samples synthesized below 1000~°C). Apparently, these carbide-derived carbons exhibit narrow constrictions were CO2 adsorption under standard conditions (0~°C and atmospheric pressure) is kinetically restricted. The same accounts for a slightly larger molecule as N2 at a lower adsorption temperature ($-$196~°C), i.e. textural parameters obtained from N2 adsorption measurements on CDC must be underestimated. Furthermore, here we show experimentally that nitrogen exhibits an unusual behavior, poor affinity, on these carbide-derived carbons. CH4 with a slightly larger diameter (0.39~nm) is able to partially access the inner porous structure whereas N2, with a slightly smaller diameter (0.36~nm), does not. Consequently, these CDC can be envisaged as excellent sorbent for selective CO2 capture in flue-gas streams.


FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Etzold, Bastian Prof. Dr.
Professur für Katalytische Materialien
Kern, Andreas
Lehrstuhl für Chemische Reaktionstechnik
Klumpp, Michael
Lehrstuhl für Chemische Reaktionstechnik


Zusätzliche Organisationseinheit(en)
Exzellenz-Cluster Engineering of Advanced Materials


Einrichtungen weiterer Autorinnen und Autoren

Universitat d'Alacant (UA) / University of Alicante


Forschungsbereiche

D Catalytic Materials
Exzellenz-Cluster Engineering of Advanced Materials


Zitierweisen

APA:
Silvestre-Albero, A., Rico-Frances, S., Rodriguez-Reinoso, F., Kern, A., Klumpp, M., Etzold, B., & Silvestre-Albero, J. (2013). High selectivity of TiC-CDC for CO2/N2 separation. Carbon, 59, 221-228. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2013.03.012

MLA:
Silvestre-Albero, Ana, et al. "High selectivity of TiC-CDC for CO2/N2 separation." Carbon 59 (2013): 221-228.

BibTeX: 

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2019-16-03 um 12:10