Olfactory Function and Malnutrition in Geriatric Patients

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Smoliner C, Fischedick A, Sieber C, Wirth R
Zeitschrift: Journals of Gerontology Series A-Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Verlag: OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2013
Band: 68
Heftnummer: 12
Seitenbereich: 1582-1588
ISSN: 1079-5006


Abstract

Impaired olfaction is considered to be a risk factor for malnutrition in older adults; however, there is little research on this association. The aim of this study was to investigate whether olfactory deficits are associated with an impaired nutritional status in older patients.Study participants were recruited from a geriatric day hospital. Nutritional status was assessed with body mass index and Mini-Nutritional Assessment. Olfactory function was evaluated with the Sniffin Sticks test (SST) and subjectively rated by the patient. Self-caring capacity was rated with the Barthel Index and cognitive status with the Mini-Mental State Examination.One hundred ninety-one patients, 71.7% female, were included with a mean age of 79.66.3 years. Prevalence of hyposmia was 39.3%, and 31.9% of patients were functionally anosmic. Malnourished patients did not have a significantly lower Sniffin Sticks test score than patients at nutritional risk or malnourished patients. In linear regression analysis, nutritional status was only influenced by Barthel Index, age, and number of drugs but not by olfactory function.In this sample, olfactory function was not associated with nutritional status.


FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Sieber, Cornel Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin (Geriatrie)


Einrichtungen weiterer Autorinnen und Autoren

St.-Marien-Hospital Borken


Zitierweisen

APA:
Smoliner, C., Fischedick, A., Sieber, C., & Wirth, R. (2013). Olfactory Function and Malnutrition in Geriatric Patients. Journals of Gerontology Series A-Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 68(12), 1582-1588. https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glt085

MLA:
Smoliner, Christine, et al. "Olfactory Function and Malnutrition in Geriatric Patients." Journals of Gerontology Series A-Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 68.12 (2013): 1582-1588.

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Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-21-10 um 23:08