Dorsal versus transgluteal approach for hip hemiarthroplasty: an analysis of early complications in seven hundred and four consecutive cases

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Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Biber R, Brem M, Singler K, Moellers M, Sieber C, Bail HJ
Zeitschrift: International Orthopaedics
Verlag: SPRINGER
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2012
Band: 36
Heftnummer: 11
Seitenbereich: 2219-2223
ISSN: 0341-2695


Abstract

Hemiarthroplasty (HA) is an established treatment for femoral neck fractures of the elderly. Several surgical approaches are currently used including dorsal and transgluteal. It is still unclear whether one approach may be advantageous. We compared early complication rates after dorsal and transgluteal approaches.We retrospectively analysed a cohort including 704 consecutive patients who received HA for femoral neck fracture; 212 male and 492 female patients were included, and the mean age was 80.4 years (SD 9.8 years). In 487 patients a dorsal and in 217 a transgluteal approach was chosen. In all patients an ExciaA (R) stem with self-centring bipolar head manufactured by Aesculap (Tuttlingen, Germany) was used. We evaluated early postoperative complications including dislocation, infection, haematoma, seroma and perioperative fracture. Complication rates after dorsal and transgluteal approaches were calculated and compared by the chi-square test.After a dorsal approach 10.5 % [confidence interval (CI) 7.7-13.2 %] of the patients suffered one or more early complications. Following a transgluteal approach this proportion was 9.7 % (CI 5.7-13.6 %), which was not significantly different (p = 0.75). The predominant complication after a dorsal approach was dislocation (3.9 %; CI 2.2-5.6 %). The dislocation rate after a transgluteal approach was significantly lower (0.5 %; CI 0-1.4 %). Postoperative haematoma however was seen after a transgluteal approach in 5.5 % (CI 2.5-8.6 %), which was significantly more frequent than after a dorsal approach (1.2 %; CI 0.2-2.2 %). The frequency of the other types of complications did not significantly differ.The rate of early surgical complications after dorsal and transgluteal approaches is not significantly different. However, the dorsal approach predisposed to dislocation, whereas the transgluteal approach predisposed to haematoma.


FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Sieber, Cornel Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin (Geriatrie)
Singler, Katrin Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin (Geriatrie)


Einrichtungen weiterer Autorinnen und Autoren

Klinikum Nürnberg


Zitierweisen

APA:
Biber, R., Brem, M., Singler, K., Moellers, M., Sieber, C., & Bail, H.J. (2012). Dorsal versus transgluteal approach for hip hemiarthroplasty: an analysis of early complications in seven hundred and four consecutive cases. International Orthopaedics, 36(11), 2219-2223. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00264-012-1624-4

MLA:
Biber, Roland, et al. "Dorsal versus transgluteal approach for hip hemiarthroplasty: an analysis of early complications in seven hundred and four consecutive cases." International Orthopaedics 36.11 (2012): 2219-2223.

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Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-15-10 um 13:23