Do clinical guidelines improve management of sepsis in critically ill elderly patients? A before-and-after study of the implementation of a sepsis protocol

Beitrag in einer Fachzeitschrift


Details zur Publikation

Autorinnen und Autoren: Heppner HJ, Singler K, Kwetkat A, Popp S, Esslinger AS, Bahrmann P, Kaiser M, Bertsch T, Sieber C, Christ M
Zeitschrift: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Verlag: SPRINGER WIEN
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2012
Band: 124
Heftnummer: 19-20
Seitenbereich: 692-698
ISSN: 0043-5325


Abstract

Guidelines for the management of sepsis have been published but not validated for elderly patients, though a prompt work-up and initiation of appropriate therapy are crucial. This study assesses the impact of a sepsis protocol on timelines for therapy and mortality in standardized management.Consecutive patients aged 70 years and older who were diagnosed with sepsis and admitted during the observation periods were included in this before-and-after study at a medical intensive care unit (ICU). Age, sex, and process-of-care variables including timely administration of antibiotics, obtaining blood cultures before the start of antibiotics, documenting central venous pressure, evaluation of central venous blood oxygen saturation, fluid resuscitation, and patient outcome were recorded.A total of 122 patients were included. Sepsis was diagnosed in 22.9 % of patients prior to the introduction of the protocol and 57.4 % after introduction. Volume therapy was conducted in 63.9 % of the patients (11.5 % preprotocol). Blood culture samples were taken prior to the administration of antibiotics in 67.2 % of patients (4.9 % preprotocol), and antibiotics were applied early in 72.1 % of patients (32.8 % preprotocol). Lactate was set in 77.0 % of patients (11.5 % preprotocol). A central venous catheter was inserted in 88.5 % of patients (68.9 % preprotocol), and the target central venous pressure was achieved in 64.3 % of patients (47.2 % preprotocol). ICU mortality was reduced by 5.2 % and hospital mortality by 6.4 %.The use of standardized order sets for the management of sepsis in elderly patients should be strongly recommended for better performance in treatment. Compliance with the protocol was associated with reduced length of stay, reduced mortality, and improved initial appropriate therapy.


FAU-Autorinnen und Autoren / FAU-Herausgeberinnen und Herausgeber

Bahrmann, Philipp PD Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin (Geriatrie)
Kaiser, Matthias
Medizinische Fakultät
Sieber, Cornel Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin (Geriatrie)
Singler, Katrin Prof. Dr.
Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin (Geriatrie)


Einrichtungen weiterer Autorinnen und Autoren

Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena
Hochschule Aalen
Klinikum Nürnberg


Zitierweisen

APA:
Heppner, H.J., Singler, K., Kwetkat, A., Popp, S., Esslinger, A.S., Bahrmann, P.,... Christ, M. (2012). Do clinical guidelines improve management of sepsis in critically ill elderly patients? A before-and-after study of the implementation of a sepsis protocol. Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift, 124(19-20), 692-698. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-012-0229-7

MLA:
Heppner, Hans Juergen, et al. "Do clinical guidelines improve management of sepsis in critically ill elderly patients? A before-and-after study of the implementation of a sepsis protocol." Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift 124.19-20 (2012): 692-698.

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Zuletzt aktualisiert 2018-18-10 um 22:08